Organization Culture

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ACADEMIC REPORT ON ORGANISATIONAL AND NATIONAL CULTURE AND HOW IT RELATES TO A SUCCESSFUL PROJECT MANAGEMENT

RAVINDU SASANKA GAMAGE
511001

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIRMENTS OF THE MASTERS IN CONSTRUCTION PROJECT MANAGEMENT COURSE.

2011 November

School of Built Environment
Liverpool John Moores University

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I would like to thank my lecturer, Dr. David James Brayde, for the valuable advice and support he has given me in the writing of this Academic report. I would also like to thank my colleagues, Mr. Anon Prishan and Mr. Chamath Perera for their encouragement and guidance. My deepest thanks go to my parents, for their love, understanding and support.

ABSTRACT

This Academic report carried out to learn the area of Culture in the Project Management, and according to the Assignment guidelines we have to identify the relationships between culture and Project management practise. Culture is a broad area of Organization culture, National Culture, Organizational climate, ethics…etc.. My study is mostly focused on Organization culture, and this study is written in order to identify how the knowledge in Organisational Culture can helpful for a better management of a project. During the study I found that Culture is a large area with many concepts and theories, I selected some them to form this report, since I had to stick to the word limitation. And due to lack of experience in the construction field, this report may not totally fulfil the requirements of the problem. Main finding was that a project manager with good knowledge in culture can handle the stakeholders of the project effectively. Mainly such project manger can win the people relevant to the project, by knowing their secret code of culture.

TABLE OF CONTENT

1.INTRODUCTION6
1.1 Background6
1.1.1 Project Management6
1.1.2 Culture and Project Management7
2.LITERATURE REVIEW8
2.1 Concept of Culture8
2.2 Organizational Culture8
2.3 Layers of Culture8
2.3.1 Symbols9
2.3.2 Heroes9
2.3.3 Rituals9
2.3.4 Values9
2.4 Dimensions of Culture9
2.5 Culture Profiles11
2.5.1 Power -11
2.5.2 Role11
2.5.3 Task11
2.5.4 Person11
3.DISCUSSION12
3.1 Commercial Management aspects of Project Management12
3.2 How culture become important to project management15
4.BIBLIOGRAPHY16

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1.2.1 – Project Management Culture ……………………………………………………7 Figure 2.3.1 - Hofstede’s ‘onion diagram of culture ……………………………………………8 Figure 2.4.1 - Dimensions of Culture ………………………………………………………………….10 Figure 3.1.1 – Communication in Project Management ………………………………………12 Figure 3.1.2 – Commercial management aspects of a project manager ………….....13 Figure 3.1.3 – Community levels of a project ………………………………………………………14

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background

1.1.1 Project Management

What is a Project?
Association of Project Management (APM) defines project as “A unique, transient endeavour undertaken to achieve a desired outcome.” And APM identifies two main key features in any project. Uniqueness - Projects are separate to business-as-usual activities, requiring people to come together temporarily to focus on specific project objectives. As a result, effective teamwork is central to successful projects. Transience - A project has a specific start and end point and is set up to meet specific objectives, to create a specified result, product or service. And for any Project, need to be controlled to meet their objectives and deliver benefits. Objectives are defined in terms of expectations of time, cost and quality. Time, cost and quality are called objectives or constraints. (Association of Project Management, 2011)

What is Project Management?
Dr Martin Barnes, APM President, defines Project Management as “At its most fundamental, project management is about people getting things done” According to APM et al. Project management is all about controlling the...
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