Organisational Behaviour

Topics: Management, Organizational studies and human resource management, Human resource management Pages: 78 (11834 words) Published: March 25, 2013
Chapter 01
What is Organizational Behavior?

True / False Questions

1. Human resource management focuses on the product choices and industry characteristics that affect an organization's profitability.  True    False


2. The theories and concepts found in OB are actually drawn from two disciplines: human resources management and strategic management.  True    False


3. Job satisfaction reflects employees' psychological responses to job demands that tax or exceed their capacities.  True    False


4. The Container Store—a Texas-based retailer, uses a "celebration mailbox" voicemail system that compliments employees for especially good performance. This is an example of motivation.  True    False


5. The integrative model of OB presents five individual mechanisms that directly affect the individual outcomes: motivation; learning and decision making; job performance; stress; and trust, justice, and ethics.  True    False


6. Trust, justice, and ethics captures what employees feel when thinking about their jobs and doing their day-to-day work.  True    False


7. Group mechanisms shape satisfaction, stress, motivation, trust, and learning.  True    False


8. Personality and cultural values are the two factors that reflect the characteristics of individual employees.  True    False


9. The integrative model of OB acknowledges that employees work in one or more work teams led by some formal leader.  True    False


10. Effective management of OB can help make a product get better, incrementally, over the long term.  True    False


11. The resource-based view suggests that a resource is more valuable when it can be imitated.  True    False


12. People create history - a collective pool of experience, wisdom, and knowledge that benefits the organization.  True    False


13. Resources like culture, teamwork, trust, and reputation are termed "socially complex" because it is not always clear which organizations do (and do not) possess them, though it is clear how they came to develop.  True    False


14. Since good people create history, they are easy to imitate.  True    False


15. Given that good employees move from one organization to another, they do not create a resource valuable enough for creating competitive advantage.  True    False


16. Firms that do not undergo an IPO typically have shorter histories and need an infusion of cash to grow or introduce some new technology.  True    False


17. The Rule of One-Eighth suggests that about 88 percent of the companies will actually do what is required to build profits by putting people first.  True    False


18. The integrative model of OB was designed with the Rule of One-Eighth in mind.  True    False


19. It is often easy to "fix" companies that struggle with OB issues.  True    False


20. The method of intuition suggests that people hold firmly to some belief because it seems obvious or self-evident.  True    False


21. According to the Method of Experience, people hold firmly to some belief because scientific studies have tended to replicate results using a series of samples, settings, and methods.  True    False


22. Analyses are written predictions that specify relationships between variables.  True    False


23. A correlation describes the statistical relationship between two variables.  True    False


24. The best way to understand correlation between two variables is to look at a scatterplot.  True    False


25. Understanding correlation is important because OB questions are not "Yes or No" in nature.  True    False


26. The strength of a correlation can be inferred from the "compactness" of its scatterplot.  True    False


27. A correlation size of 1.68 is valid. 
True    False


28. Causal inferences means establishing that one variable really does cause another. ...
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