Organelles

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Key Learning:All living things are made up of one or more cells. Cells come in a variety of shapes and sizes that suit their diverse functions. Cell membranes help organisms maintain homeostasis by controlling what substances enter or leave cells.

UEQ:How can we describe the relationship between structure and function in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Concept 1:
Cell Structure and Function SC.912.L.14.3 SC.912.L.14.2

Content coverageLEQ: Number 1: What is the relationship between the structure and function of the major cell organelles found in a eukaryotic cell? •Structures include: cytoplasm, nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear envelope, cell membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, vacuole, centrioles, ribosomes, and endoplasmic reticulum (smooth and rough) •Exclusive to plants: chloroplasts, central vacuole, cellulose cell wall •Exclusive to animals: lysosome, centrioles

Compare and contrast plant and animal cell structures
Special structures include; cilia and flagella

LEQ: Number 2: What similarities and differences exist between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells? •Commonalities: cell wall (plants & fungus), cell membrane, ribosomes, cytoplasm, chromosomes •Differences: nucleus, nucleolus, membranes, structure of cell wall, arrangement of chromosomes (ring in prokaryote with little protein vs. rods in eukaryotes with proteins) •Eukaryotes : Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia

Prokaryotes: Eubacteria, Archaebacteria

VocabularyEukaryote, prokaryote, organelle

Concept 2:
Cell Transport SC.912.L.14.2
Content coverageLEQ: Number 1: How does the cell membrane regulate the movement of materials into and out of the cell? •Structure of cell membrane and functions of the parts: phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, integral proteins, peripheral proteins, carbohydrate markers.

LEQ: Number 2: How do concentration gradients impact the movement of materials across the cell membrane? •Define the terms gradient, concentration...
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