Organ Trafficking

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Organ deficiency is one the most leading causes to death because organs are too precious and difficult to obtain. Uncontrolled organ trade causes many problems worldwide because it commodifies the organs; therefore, it had been illegalised in the majority of the world. Whereas, illegalising it did not solve the problem; it made it worst because people who are striving for organs still found ways to obtain what they wanted by persuading this organ trade through a black market that even governments have no efficient control over. Illegalising free organ trade causes a black market of organ trafficking that brings many harms to both the donor and the recipient. Organ transplantation is a very fragile process; incidentally, when controlled by illegal doctors and brokers, things can get very disastrous and out of control. At the same time, victims of this industry can not complain to the state because what is being happening is illegal at first place. Therefore, organ trade should be regulated and controlled by governments and special organizations to ensure the absence of a black market.

Organ trade is an industry involving a donor, a recipient and sometimes a broker to buy and sell organs. This trade process has become a necessity and a life saver to many people due to the very high rate of organ deficiency in the world. “Today [November 2006], there is 67,600 people waiting for a posthumous kidney. Last year, only 16,470 people received kidneys; roughly half of the donors were deceased, and half were living. Meanwhile, 4,100 died waiting. By 2010, the wait will be at least ten years, exceeding the average length of time that adults on dialysis survive.”(Satel) Kidneys are the leading organs in this trade because they can be obtained from living donors. In regards to the living organ donors; they usually donate what they can live without only, for example a kidney, since humans are born with two kidneys. Since organ trade is illegal in the majority of the world but people in need still contribute to this trade, it had been turned into a black market. A black market is a trade of goods that violates the law. For example, organ trade is illegal in Jordan; therefore, organ brokers or buyers tend to move the organ sellers from Jordan to a different country where the trade process is legal. Another form of regulation regarding the issue of organ trade is found in India, where the law makes it legal only under one condition; that the recipient must be related to the donor. In many cases, the donor marries the recipient to be able to meet the legal requirements.

Quite often, organ sellers are people who live in conditions of extreme poverty. Many cases involve a man who cannot feed his family and his kids die from hunger, therefore, he sells his kidney to be able to save his family. According to the United Nations, “hundreds of poor Egyptians sell their kidneys and parts of their livers every year to buy food or pay off debts” (Egypt). Others sell their kidneys as an act of empowerment, because they know that the powerful ones would steal their organs anytime, whereas, selling it is by their own choice. Desperate for money, organ traffickers influence the desperate poor to sell their organs.

In addition, some organ donors have their organs donated without their own consent. Such organs theft occurs in morgues and police mortuaries by violating cadavers. Some can occur in a hospital while in treatment. A sorrowful example is of Laudiceia da Silva in Sao Paulo, Brazil, where during a routine operation to remove an ovarian cyst; her kidney had been removed as well without her consent. In another case, a 17 year old boy had his body mutilated at the police mortuary where even his eyes were removed without his family’s consent. In addition to these theft techniques, adoption is another used method. It had been reported in 1987 that children adopted from Central Americans countries to...
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