Organ Trafficking

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GAC015 Assessment Event 4: Academic Research Essay

Organ Trafficking

Students Name:Mary Jin

Student ID #:JPCH21571

Teacher: John

Due Date:2013.2.25

Word Count:1164

Question: In many countries organ trafficking is illegal, yet the incidence is on the increasing. Examine the legal, ethical and sociological issues involved in procuring human organs for transplant operations, comparing two countries with very different approaches.

In this day and age, as medicine and surgery advanced, more organs have been emerged for people in the world. There are approximately 3.5 million operations take place per year around the world (Cho, H. 2009). In order to save lives, organ trafficking is facing problems regarding legal, ethical and sociological issues. Since people and governments in different nations and have dissimilar backgrounds, the methods and attitudes concerning this issue are obviously not in similar. Take Egypt and Europe for example, whatever the governments or the local public use different ways to address it.

As the development of technologies, the increasing number of organ trafficking tourism causes high attention of governments. Since that, international conventions have established that human have the basic right to keep healthy. The right is not only the provision of preventive and curative health services but also a commitment that everyone should enjoy the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. Apparently, laws and regulations regarding living people do not exist or lose regulated.

There are approximately 15 to 20 nations which have established presumed consent laws for organ donation. In fact, most of these laws are enacted aiming at the surplus of organs for transplant surgeries and finishing any illicit trades in organs, which means that people must opt-out of being an organ donor rather than opt-in, as in the United States and other countries. In some...
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