Oregon Trail

Topics: American Civil War, Abolitionism, Slavery Pages: 5 (1625 words) Published: January 5, 2013
The Oregon Trail is a 2,000 mile route for large wagons. The trail began by fur trappers and traders from 1811 to 1840. The only way you could pass was by foot or on a horse. By the 1846-1869 the trail was used by about 400,000 settlers, ranchers, farmers, miners, and businessmen and their families. William Clark founded the path but it wasn’t discovered until 1859 that they could actually walk the path that connected the Missouri River to the Columbia River. The West part of the trail connected the states Idaho and Oregon. The route was very dangerous but the deaths aren’t precise. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oregon_Trail) There is a chart here that states the Causes and estimated deaths during this trail. Disease 6,000 12,500

Indian attack 3,000 4,500
Freezing 300 500
Run overs 200 500
Drowning 200 500
Shootings 200 500
Miscellaneous 200 500
Scurvy 300 500
Totals: 9,400-21,000
The Miscellaneous deaths were by homicides, lightning, childbirth, stampedes, snake bites, floods and trees. Drowning was the popular way of all the deaths when they got impatient, young, pushy men. Graves were usually in the middle of the trail and ran over by the livestock coming through. The Battle of the Alamo started from February 23 to March 6. It was a major event for Texas. The General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna made an assault on the mission around San Antonio. And all were killed except for two. On February 23 about 1,500 troops marched to San Antonio to gain back Texas. On March 6 the Mexican army went on to the Alamo. Approximately 182-257 Texans were dead but 400-600 Mexicans were killed and wounded. The Alamo is a very popular tourist site in Texas. By January Texas started to question Neili’s Garrison. Governor Smith claimed the Alamo had been abandoned and this was the truth of the matter. Bowie rode into the Alamo area and he was very impressed by what he saw. Houston had asked for permission to abandon the post but Smith said NO! Every man in the Alamo was lying dead. There were 189 defenders but with research it totaled about 257. Even though Santa Anna won his soldiers paid a huge price.

The fugitive slave laws were passed by the U.S Congress in 1793 and 1850. It helped to return slaves who escape from a state. It stated that and slave that runs away will be returned to their owner if they have proof. In 1785 King Rufus came up with a resolution to resolve the issues. It was the first attempt to include the law. Soon after a Personal Liberty law was passed which started soon after the Slave Trade abolition. In 1783 Massachusetts abolished slavery but the government still required to catch slaves. They got even more worried about the slaves escaping so they passed another law which was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 and they placed King’s words in this law. They stated that slavery would be permitted south of Ohio River under the Southwest Ordinance of 1790. It wasn’t a threat to the slaves not even a little.

The Nebraska-Kansas act was when they open new lands for settlement. The act was designed by the Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas in Illinois. The purpose of this act is to open thousands of new farms and make possible for the Midwestern Transcontinental Railroad. The results were that pro and anti-slavery elements flooded Kansas with a goal of voting slavery up and down which lead soon to a bloody civil war. The new Republican Party created an act that aimed to stop the expansion of slavery and soon emerged through the political party in the north. They soon elected the first president Abraham Lincoln in 1860. Tens of millions of acres became available with excellent farmlands it help made it necessary to create a territorial infrastructure to allow settlement. The railroad became very eager to start operations especially since the farmers were their main customers. The Railroad proposal was debated in all the subsequent sessions. Utah and New Mexico territory was...
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