MODULE 2 : Warehousing and Distribution
THIS DISSERTATION IS SUBMITTED IN PART FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIRMENTS FOR THE CILT DIPLOMA IN LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGMENT
I DECLARE THAT THIS DISSERTATION IS WHOLLY MY OWN WORK EXCEPT WHERE I HAVE MADE EXPLICIT REFERENCE TO THE WORK OF OTHERS. THIS WORK HAS NOT BEEN SUBMITTED FOR EXAMINATION ELSWERE.
Basic Order Picking5
Automatic picking machines6
Of all warehouse processes, order picking tends to get the most attention. It’s just the nature of distribution and fulfillment that you generally have more outbound transactions than inbound transactions, and the labor associated with the outbound transactions is likely a big piece of the total warehouse labor budget. Another reason for the high level of importance placed on order picking operations is its direct connection to customer satisfaction. The ability to quickly and accurately process customer orders has become an essential part of doing business. There is many ways to achieve the best of order picking, depending on warehouse layout, the speed of goods flow, the technology being used and many more. Orders can be picked in different ways and every ways has it’s own advantages and disadvantages. To name few : * Basic order picking
* Zone picking
* Wave picking
* Automatic picking machines
* Picking using Bar-code scanners
* Voice picking
In today's fast moving world when costumer demands grows rapidly, creates bigger and bigger goods flow. As a chain reaction it creates a need of more and bigger warehouses. Today warehouses with smart layouts and difficult processes can be easily called Logistic Centres. One of the most basic but probably the most important process in any warehouse is order picking. So what is order picking? Why it is so important and can it be improved in any way?
Designing a warehouse and defining the type of appropriate warehouse equipment is a complex decision process, being a long-term strategic decision. Between the other functions like receiving and checking, storage, packing and shipping the orders, an important function in designing a warehouse is represented by the picking process. Developing an effective order picking operation and enhancing this in pick accuracy and speed, need to integrate new technologies combined with the adequate methods for picking the products. The classical warehouse becomes more and more a sophisticated place, determined by, the large number of problems, types and demands of customer services. An important function in designing a warehouse is represented by the picking process, between the other functions like receiving and checking, storage, packing and shipping the orders. Key objectives in designing an order picking operation include increases in productivity, reduction of cycle time, and increases in accuracy. Often times these objectives may conflict with one another in that a method that focuses on productivity may not provide a short enough cycle time, or a method that focuses on accuracy may sacrifice productivity. Productivity in order picking is measured by the pick rate. Piece pick operations usually measure the pick rate in line items picked per hour while case pick operations may measure cases per hour and line items per hour. In pallet pick operations the best measure is actual pallets picked per hour. Since the actual amount of time it takes to physically remove the product from the location tends to be fixed regardless of the picking method used, productivity gains are usually in the form of reducing the travel time. In recent years, customer’s expectations of...