What is oral hygiene?
Oral hygiene is the practise of keeping the mouth clean in order to prevent bad breath and maintain healthy gums and teeth. What is Plaque?
Plaque is a sticky film that forms on teeth, it contains bacteria that changes sugar into acid, leading to cavities (holes) in teeth. Plaque is bad for teeth, because a build up of plaque leads to gum disease. Oral hygiene during early childhood is vital for ensuring the health of teeth and gums and teaches children the daily routines required to ensure optimal dental health. Poor oral hygiene can affect the individual human development of children by interfering with speech development and shaping of the jaw. DID YOU KNOW ..
•Dental decay is the most common disease that affects teeth, •Holes can appear in children as young as 6 months if appropriate dental care isn’t followed •Baby teeth have a thinner enamel coating that can result in decay to penetrate to the middle of the tooth, this can be very painful if left and can result in pus-filled abscess Dental decay during childhood may present as the following : •a dull white band along the gum line from plaque build-up. If left untreated can lead to cavities •a yellow, brown or black ring around the teeth. This is the beginning of cavities. •Teeths that appear as brownish-black stumps. This is the advanced stage of cavities. How to promote Oral Hygiene..
Breastfeeding is encouraged rather than bottle feeding because bottles can cause dental carries, and breastfeeding reduces the risk of dental carries. If a child is to be bottle fed, the following is advised:
•Remove the bottle once the child has had enough
•If the child uses the bottle for comfort, use cooled boiled water •Encourage the use of a feeding cup when the child is developmentally ready •Encourage water instead of fruit and sweet drinks
Toothbrushing should start as soon as the first tooth appears. •Initially a soft cloth is used to...