Oral Genres

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Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais – Faculdade de Letras LET060 INGLES: EXPRESSAO ORAL - M4
Profa.: Gladys de Souza
Leonardo Henrique Machado
Topic: Oral Genres

The language user is in a position to act in different communicative situations and with different purposes. To be able to express oneself fluently, the language user draws on a number of different competences or linguistic resources which, together, make up language proficiency or communicative competence. Many of these competences are naturally shared by both the spoken and the written language. If one looks at a written version of a perfectly normal conversation, one is sometimes amazed at how much the spoken language diverges from the written one. Typical of the spoken language are the many incomplete sentences, the interruptions and the sudden changes of subject. There are also a great number of 'fill-in words, such as 'yes', 'mmm', 'well' and 'let's see', which on the face of it do not express any particular content, but which rather seem to have a social function in the universe of oral conversation. The spoken language has various genres - monologue and dialogue. Monologue, where the purpose is often to give information, is much more common on the written language than on dialogue. There are no changes of speaker and the structure is far tighter, since the utterances are linked with the aid of conjunctions or adverbials that support the structure of the argumentation. Dialogue speech, where a number of conversation partners communicate with each other, is characterised by shorter statements with a much freer and more unpredictable structure. This is especially due to the fact that the dialogue develops as an interaction between the participants, since the interpersonal function, i.e. taking account of the mutual relationships and opinions of the participants, plays a major role. Various oral genres follow particular conventions that have to be mastered and...
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