Oral Communication in English: Form, Function, and Strategies

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Oral communication help students to improve their self, it fulfills a number of general and discipline-specific pedagogical functions. Learning to speak is an important goal in itself, for it equips students with a set of skills they can use for the rest of their lives. Speaking is the mode of communication most often used to offer explanations, transmit information, express opinions, make arguments and make impressions upon others. Students need to speak well in their personal lives, future workplaces, social interactions, and political endeavors. If basic instruction and opportunities to practice speaking are available, students position themselves to accomplish a wide range of goal and be useful members of their communities.

Nowadays in this new millennium a usage of English has become an important language in Malaysian and it help instructors at a local college or university to teach students in their learning so that students will practices their self in oral communicate in English well. Besides that oral communication skill can take many forms, ranging from informal conversation that occurs spontaneously and, in most cases, for which the content cannot be planned, to participation in meetings, which occurs in a structured environment, usually with a set agenda. Oral communication is a unique and learned rhetorical skill that requires understanding what to say and how to say it. Unlike conversational speech, speech in more formal environments does not come naturally.

As a speaker there are several elements of oral communication which needed to be aware in order to learn how to use them to his advantage. Speaker should learn how to communicate effectively with several other elements in the apart from the language. The Skills are eye contact, body language, style, understanding the audience, adapting to the audience, active and reflexive listening, politeness, precision, conciseness, etc. At tertiary level it is assumed that the learners know the basics of the language. At this level teaching speaking skills is irrelevant. What the teacher has to teach is the communication skills. For this he has to know the individual needs of the students. And this can be known in a better way when the learners perform a task in the class. Task-based approach seems to be suitable for teaching and learning these skills.


In the communication process it like to prepare something for dinner, that mean we need few items to get the meal ready on the dinner table. Besides the ingredients, we may need the cooking utensils and electricity or gas to cook the food. Without this process to preparing the meal may not be cooking and it similar in the process of oral communication that needed to follow the process in early. It same when oral communication in English do where students need to know how to apply English in their oral communication so that their will speak with well.

Teacher plays their role to ensure students will give exposure to follow up each method to help students in their communication. They are so important that without them communication may not be able to take place. In the communication there are seven elements process which are source, message, channel, receiver, feedback, noise and context or environment. All of this process help students do their oral communication in English more better and effective.

The channel is the medium used to convey the message. It can be in the forms of touch, smell, sound waves, light waves, visuals, or anything that may stimulate our senses. Nowadays, technological advances allow us to receive message not only from media channels such as the radio and television but also through the internet and satellite.

1.1.2 Context or environment
The context or environment of communication can be a part of the noises that influence a communication process. They include the physical, time place and psychological...
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