Optical Distortion Case
Optical Distortion Inc. is a small new company, not yet in business, with a cash asset of $200,000 and a patent for an innovative new product (the only one) which is a contact lens designed to impair the eyesight of chickens. . These lenses are used instead of debeaking. Lensed chickens are more likely to survive. They also eat more efficiently than debeaked chickens. The key issue facing ODI is "How to market these lenses?". The analysis in this paper provides recommendations for ODI on their marketing and pricing strategy to launch this new product.
Strengths include highly innovative product (main competitive advantages over debeaking arriving into savings from reduced cannibalization, trauma elimination, better feed efficiency, no weight loss and no reduction in egg production, a little bit less costs then debeaking for lense installation), tested with good results for couple of months in California and Oregon farms, without retention problems, trust from venture capital markets, patent and license protection for three years (which keep potential competition far), time plan (introduce in at least one region during Spring 1975 and national distribution by the end of 1997 latest), long-term license from New World Plastic for the exclusive use of hydrophilic polymer for nonhuman applications, marketing strategy (additional service - technical to follow up sales, to make sure that lenses are being used in such a way to maximize benefits to the farmer, sales force ¡V one person for 80 farms and one technical representative for each five salesperson, price - $0.08 $/chicken as incremental cost for farmer; benefits should be explained to farmers; they have two principles in mind not to start with a low cost, expansion to four to five regional offices in two-three years, advertising ¡V monthly in the eight leading poultry industry publications, investment in R&D ¡V to become a multi-product company, be ready to fight being a multiproduct, multimarket company, providing service anywhere in the country with competition (large agricultural supply firms) which will catch up by the late 1970s.
Weaknesses for ODI chicken lenses include limited market with a very slow increase, spread all over US, need for regional offices, big specialized sales force and technicals available all over US, potential increase of lenses, injection molds, shipping, boxes costs, advertising (more than forecasted), risk of R&D failure in developing new products, inertia of farmers, their capacity to understand advantages and to purchase ODI product. Product cannot be reused.
Opportunities include huge market, no competition for at least three years, potential huge margin, good marketing strategy.
Threats include farmers reluctance, competition, non-adequate pricing strategy, low trained salesforce and technicals, higher costs then forecasted.
There is substantial evidence in the case to suggest that ODI should segment the market based on flock size of the farms (small farms, medium farms, large farms with a clear tendency for concentration) and focus their marketing and sales strategy towards farms with more than 10,000 birds. As illustrated in Exhibit 4 of the case study, number of chicken farms with flock size less than 10,000 has vastly shrunk between 1964 and 1969. This trend has continued and it is estimated that between 1975 and 1979, 80% of the chicken population would be on farms (3%) with 10,000 or more birds. With limited resources and sales personnel it makes sense for ODI to characterize their served available market (SAM) as medium and large farms only and not focus on small farms at all.
Besides, Small farms have smaller henhouses and cannibalism in birds may not be a real concern for these farmers. The production loss because of cannibalism may not be large enough to make ODI¡¦s product appealing to these customers. Also, Garrison believes that a farm would have...
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