K-12 educational systems are the additional years to secondary level. This research contains some information about the curriculum of K-12. Interviews, books and newspapers were the researchers’ major instrument in gathering information and were augmented with other data collected through readings. Studies cited by the researchers have also shown that the country’s education program is equivalent to the 12-year education cycle followed abroad except that it is being completed in only 10 years. The respondents of this research are the selected IAS students of Far Eastern University who will give their opinions on the implementation of K-12 educational systems in the Philippines. This research analyzes and studies what will be the effects of the K-12 educational systems to the country, parents, and students. The researchers used the random sampling method as a mean to know the views of the respondents on the implementation of K-12. At the latter part of the study, the researchers found out that most of the respondents are in favor on the idea of the implementation of K-12 in the Philippines, but most of them believe that our country is not ready for K-12. As a conclusion in regards to the study, for most respondents, they believe that the idea of implementing K-12 is good, but they know that the country is not yet ready to have this kind of implementation, one reason is they believe that the lack of rooms and teachers should be given attention first.
As early as 1925, studies have observed the inadequacy of the basic education curriculum. As one of the most well studied reforms, recommendations of either adding or restoring 7th grade or adding an extra year to basic education have been put forward. The K-12 education system is the public education system that most of us are familiar with today. Comprised of thirteen grades, kindergarten through 12th, the K-12 Education System refers to the public school system in all of the United States, Canada, UK, and parts of Europe as well (Wisegeek articles 2009). The adoption of the program in the Philippines is in response to the need to improve the competitiveness of our country’s graduates as the ten-year basic education cycle is seen as inadequate for work and higher education (Official Gazette 2010). In fact, overseas Filipino workers are not automatically recognized as professionals in other countries that view the ten-year education program as insufficient. President Aquino led the formal launching of the K-12 reformed basic education program at Malacañang which makes mandatory kindergarten education for five-year-old children and two additional two years of senior high school for all students. The President noted that the Philippines is the only country in Asia and one of only three in the world – two of which are in Africa – with a 10-year basic education program. And President Aquino also stated that how will Filipinos become competitive if from the very beginning we are already at a disadvantage in the number of years of studying and training and what we want is to give the next generation a strong foundation (The Philstar April 2012). According to Secretary Armin Luistro from the Department of Education, K-12 basic education program will take-off next school year 2012-2013. The said program is comprised of universal kindergarten education, 6 years of elementary education, 4 years of junior high school and an additional 2 years for senior high school (Kuro-Kuro Archives 2010). Although our country started out late, the said program has faced a lot of criticisms both from government officials and concerned citizens even before it was approved. K-12 has its own pros and cons and for a Third World country like the Philippines, such initiative have so much potential in bringing progress to the people as long as rampant issues in the educational system will be weeded out in the process (Philippine...
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