In “Opinions and Social Pressure “(Solomon E. Asch), author shows that: Group pressure can
Influence an Individual to deny the evidence of their own senses. The author supports the main
Idea , by using experimental studies with individuals and showing that when put in group
settings and asked to answer questions, which make their answers the minority answer.
In the first study seven to nine college students gathered for a “psychological experiment”. The
students were informed that they would be comparing the lengths of lines
tended to surrender their own judgment to the others, in the same experiment. In the first
experiment all the students choose the same matching line. Again in the second experiment the
students are unanimous. The third experiment took on a surprise. As the group continued to
answer unanimously one student disagrees. Even though this single student answers all his
questions correctly he begins to to worry and second guesses his own answers. What the student
didn’t know ,is that all the other students in the group were told to give incorrect answers.
When the majority size decreases, the individual in the minority tends to contribute
independently out of his own experiences, rather than conforming with the majority.
The next experiment consisted of 123 subjects from three different colleges. two of them
allowed the subject to act independently. Normally subjects made a mistake 1 % of the time and
went with the majority and the minority mislead the majority’s judgement in 36.8% of the time.
The study provided evidence that when an individual’s resistance to group pressure, depends on
the degree on how wrong the majority is. The study also brought up concern that in a society
that requires consensus as a indispensable condition, it also requires society to have each
individual to contribute independently. [continues]
Cite This Essay
(2011, 01). Opinions and Social Pressure. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 01, 2011, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Opinions-And-Social-Pressure-540922.html
"Opinions and Social Pressure" StudyMode.com. 01 2011. 01 2011 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Opinions-And-Social-Pressure-540922.html>.
"Opinions and Social Pressure." StudyMode.com. 01, 2011. Accessed 01, 2011. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Opinions-And-Social-Pressure-540922.html.