Management characterizes the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the deployment and manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). From western perspective, they usually emphasize on seeking tremendous profits regardless how they get it. They will do what ever it takes in order to achieve their targets. The main thing for them is profit maximization.
Whereas, the Islamic approach to management it is an emerging discipline, often referred to as Islamic management, looks at the management of organizations from the perspective of the knowledge from the revealed sources and other Islamic sources of knowledge and results in applications compatible with the Islamic beliefs and practices. The focus of Islamic management of quality and excellence is man (human resource) and not profit maximization. In other words, Islam put emphasize on balancing worldly and hereafter matters not just only aiming for the profits. They often do it in a right way. No negative elements insert to it. All things are done inline with Islamic guideline. They will think of the maslaha of all.
So here, we are suggesting some ideas pertaining to the management from Islamic perspective.
RESOURCES USED MUST BE PERMISSIBLE (1)
Resources means that a natural, human, or manufactured item that helps a produce goods and services; a productive agent or factor of production. In Islamic perspectives, all resources are provided by Allah and us as a Khalifah is not the owner of all the resources. According to Quran; 2:29, “the resources are for the benefit of all and not just a few”. Thus, it means that all human being must utilize the resources equally. Besides that, everyone also must acquired the resources rightfully, in manner that already indicated by the Quran and Sunnah and not cause any damage and inconvenience to the people and society in general.
Halal or permissible means anything that is permitted under the Shariah. Halal is not only focusing for foods but also for other types of products consumed by the users. Islam is one of the major religions in this world who are demanding for halal products, so to meet the needs of the Muslims, the organization must practice the Shariah principle in designing the product starting from the product planning, materials, process, and development, packaging until the end of the products. Also, the organization must ensure that the suppliers of all products conform to the halal criteria, free from contamination, and also the safety and hygiene requirement are fulfilled. For example, the perfume that contains alcohol can be used but cannot be brought in prayer. Then, the meat to be halal and permissible to be consumed, it must be slaughtered according to Islam’s procedure. The haram thing such as pork cannot be consumed by Muslims since we know pork is an animal that has a lot of germs and parasites in its body and it has a lot of dangerous diseases. Same with alcohol drinks, we know the original resources that has been used in producing alcohol is grapes and we identify that grapes is halal and permissible to eat, however, the process of keeping this grapes until it becomes ripe too much plus with additional elements being put, it can produce some acid that can cause people become unconscious after they drink it. So, that is why Islam said that alcohol is haram and it also been mentioned in Quran and Hadith for several times.
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Narrated by Ibn Umar: Umar stood up on the pulpit and said, now then, prohibition of alcoholic drinks have been revealed, and these drinks are prepared from five things ,i.e. ,grapes, dates, honey, wheat or barley and an alcoholic drinks is that, that disturbs the mind.(shahih bukhari, Vol 7,Book 69Hadith 487)
Moreover, the resources also must be permissible in terms of how we get it. Means, there is no uncertainty elements occurs. There is one example...
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