Operation Rolling Thunder

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  • Topic: Panama, Manuel Noriega, United States invasion of Panama
  • Pages : 42 (12668 words )
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  • Published : May 14, 2013
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Operations “Just Cause” and “Promote Liberty” The Implications Of Military Operations Other Than War. CSC 2001 Subject Area Operations EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Title: Operations “Just Cause” and “Promote Liberty”: The Implications of Military Operations Other Than War Author: Major William J. Conley Jr., United States Marine Corps Thesis: Operation Just Cause and Promote Liberty contained many aspects of Military Operations Other Than War, the military actions were underpinned by political objectives and could not be entire solved by the military alone. Using the six principle of MOOTW, examine how both the military and political objectives were achieved. Discussion: The U.S. has faced a number of new issues and challenges since the end of the cold war. The Department of Defense was involved in numerous Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) during the 1990s. Operation Just Cause and Promote Liberty in Panama were the first of such operations. I examined the situation that led up to the intervention in Panama and the complexity of the issues that influenced the actions of the U.S. military and government. Operation Just Cause, proved to be an extremely successful operation for the United States. Its success can be attributed to clear direction from the National Command Authority, a unified command structure, joint synergy and the ability of the commanders at the strategic, operational and tactical levels of war to apply complementary operational concepts. The followon operation, Promote Liberty, was not as successful for the opposite reasons; the objectives were not as clearly defined, the planning was restricted and somewhat inadequate, the command structure was disjointed, and the overall environment was awkward and muddled to the military. Operation Just Cause involved the simultaneous striking of 27 targets designed to rapidly paralyze the Panamanian Defense Forces and capture Noriega with minimal causalities. Once the PDF was neutralized, the restoration of a legitimate government in Panama began under operation Promote Liberty. Promote Liberty proved to be a major challenge for the military, who were charged with the creation of new democratic government, a task it was neither well suited for, nor well prepared to accomplish. Conclusion(s) or Recommendation(s): The six principles of MOOTW are interrelated and depend on each other. The commander must pay close attention to the application of the principles and incorporate them into the planning and decision making process when determining courses of actions to achieve his desired end-state. MOOTW actions are complicated and political by nature, and require more than just conventional military solutions to problems that the commander will inevitably face. Failing to consider one principle lends vulnerability to others. The enemy, resistors, or political factions will almost certainly seek to derail U.S. efforts to achieve its goals and will attempt to exploit these vulnerabilities. These six principles derived from the principles of war provide the guidelines for successful operations.

Contents
Table of contents page DISCLAIMER…………………………………………………………………………ii LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS………………………………………………………….iv PREFACE……………………………………………………………………………...v INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………………...…1 CHAPTER 1………………………………………………………………..………….3 Strategic Situation…………………………………………………………………..…3 Road To Intervention…………………………………………………...………….….7 Planning For Intervention…………………………………………………………..…10 CHAPTER 2 …………………………………………………………..……………...13 Objectives Of The Campaign…………………………………………………………13 Just Cause……………………………………………………………………………..14 Promote Liberty………………………………...……………………………………..16 CHAPTER 3…………………………………………………………………………..19 Unity Of Effort……………………………………………………………….…….…19 Just Cause……………………………………………………………………………..19 Promote Liberty…………………………………………………………………….…21 CHAPTER 4………………………………………………………………………..…29 Security……………………………………………………………………………..…29 Just Cause……………………………………………………………………….….….29...
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