Operating System Comparison

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  • Topic: Linux kernel, Free software, Linux
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  • Published : November 14, 2010
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Operating Systems
Joseph Shorter, Linda Fay, Mika Wahl, Nathaniel McDonald
University of Phoenix

Abstract
This paper compares Windows XP, Windows 2003, and Linux operating systems.

Operating Systems
Overview
What does the Operating System do?
What makes a good Operating System?
Windows XP
History
Key Features
Windows 2003
History
Key Features
Linux
History
The Linux kernel was originally written by University of Helenski student Linus Torvalds in 1990 after Torvald was refused permission to update Professor Andy Tanenbaum’s Unix-like 1989 OS called Minix [ (Ravi, 2005) ]. The GNU Project, started by Richard Stallman in 1984 as part of a free software movement [ (Stallman, 2007) ]. The objective of this project was to create an operating system that computer owners could use, share and modify for free [ (Stallman, 2007) ]. This project was nearly completed when Torvalds completed Linux [ (Ravi, 2005) ] [ (Stallman, 2007) ]. In 1991, the source code for the GNU Project and the Linux kernel combined to create the first distribution of the GNU/Linux Operating System. GNU/Linux is a free, open-source operating system. Key Features

Linux is an open-source operating system. As such, users of the system are encouraged to contribute to the project. As computer technology develops, developers may link applications and libraries together with the Linux kernel to support new a technology or target the OS towards a specific purpose. When project milestones are completed, the new OS is released as a distribution. Commercial distributions include Fedora by Red Hat, Ubuntu by Conical, and openSUSE by Novell [ (Wikipedia, 2010) ]. Some distributions are authored by members of the free/Open-source community, such as Debian (Wikipedia, 2010). Slackware is a distribution created entirely by Patrick Volkerding [ (Ravi, 2006) ]. Ubuntu, Fedora, and SuSE Linux are popular Linux distributions. Ubuntu is a free distribution that comes with a...
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