Open and Closed Borders: the Effects on America

Topics: Immigration to the United States, United States, Illegal immigration Pages: 13 (4103 words) Published: May 2, 2013
Open and Closed Borders: The Effects on America


Savannah Miller

American Studies English 6C

Mrs. Teisha Sherrill

March 20, 2013


“The Census Bureau estimates that 450,000 illegal immigrants enter the United States each year” (Point: Immigration). Why are so many immigrants coming here illegally? “Immigrants leave their country of origin for a variety of reasons including employment, economic, social conditions, military conflict, and political turmoil” (Immigration Restrictions). What is the government doing to stop it? Each year many immigrants enter the United States, a good number of them enter illegally, crossing the border without correct documentation, and living in the United States pretending to be legal citizens and reaping the benefits. Will open borders benefit the United States? Or, will it increase crime rate and destroy the economy? What does amnesty mean and how would it effect the 12 million illegal immigrants and United States citizens? In this paper the reader will examine the effects of open borders and the pro and con sides to the issue.

Rhetorical Precis

Savannah Miller in her term paper, Open and Closed Borders: The Effects on America, argues that open borders in the United States not only will increase terrorism and crime rates, but will destroy the United States economy. Miller supports her claim by thoroughly explaining the effects of open borders on America, how it would benefit and how it would not, and the pros and cons to each side. The author’s purpose is to inform the reader of the effects of open borders, the good and the bad sides, in order to prove that open borders would lead to no good. The author writes in an informational tone for the reader.

Chapter One

Immigration in America has a long history. This is because since the beginning of the nation, people from all over have been coming to America. In a technical sense all Americans, apart from Native Americans, have ancestors that were immigrants, people who came over from another nation. “In the early days [of America] immigrants were needed and encouraged” (Controversy). Once America became a nation it was small and lightly populated, it became apparent that immigrants would need to be the main source of population growth. America is a nation that began and was built from immigration. Back then, immigration helped build up the population, strength, and economy of America. “But times brought changes, the frontier began backing up, competition brought conflict, group warfare appeared, labor, capital, religious, and racial elements began clamoring for protection from each other and especially from the stream of immigrants which continued to pour into the nation unrestricted” (Controversy). This is about the time when uncontrolled immigration became an issue. It was an issue that the American people and the government had not yet faced, and therefore nobody was quite sure how to respond. During the great waves of immigration in the nineteenth century, Irish, Italian, Jewish, and Chinese immigrants all were discriminated against by Americans who disliked the fact that Immigrants took American jobs at reduced wages (Counterpoint: Amnesty). This is still a major part in America. Although there are less immigrants from the stated nationalities, the current immigrants in America are still being persecuted. “Congress responded in various ways and finally in the act of 1921... brought the ‘quota system’ as a measuring device for immigration restriction” (Controversy) This quota system was based on population. The amount of a nation's past immigrants that entered the United States determined the percentage of that nation population that was allowed to enter the United States. In the early stages of immigration reform, the government had put quotas that severely limited the number of immigrants who could enter the United States in 1882, 1921, and...
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