Chapters 5 and 6 Study Guide
For the Romans, _________ Italy's __________ geography made Rome a natural crossroads and an area easy to defend. P114
Rome was established in the first millennium B.C. on the plain of __________ plain of Latium ___________. P114
All of the following about the Etruscans are correct
expelled many of Rome's patrician class and established a republic in Rome in 509 B.C.
| settled north of Rome.
| adopted alphabetic language from the Greeks before 600 B.C.
| had begun to decline by 480 B.C.
| "civilized" Rome by turning it into a true city.
______________ Rome ____________ set a precedent for treating its vanquished foes after forming the Roman Confederation by offering the most favored "allied" peoples full Roman citizenship, thus giving them a stake in successful Roman expansion.
_____________ Rome’s ______’s conquest of the Italian peninsula by 264 B.C. can be attributed in part to superb diplomacy.
In defeating the ___________ Greek ____________ city-states in southern Italy, Rome had to fight the soldiers of King Pyrrhus, sent against them by the Greeks
The Roman ____________ Dictator _____________ was a temporary executive during the period of the Republic and exercised unlimited power for a period of usually six months.
Executive authority or ___________ imperium ___________ during the Roman Republic was held by the consuls and praetors.
As Rome expanded, it became Roman policy to govern the provinces with officials known as ______________ proconsuls __________ and propraetors.
The ___________ paterfamilias ________ in Roman society was the male head of the household.
Originally the Roman ________ Senate __________ could only advise the magistrates in legal matters. p.117
In their struggle with the patricians, Roman __________ plebeins ____________employed which of the following tactics: a physical withdrawal from the state undercutting its military manpower and the formation of popular assemblies to lobby for more political reforms.
The _______ twelve _______ Tables was/were the first formal codification of Roman law and customs. p. 118-119
The following statements about the Roman armies in the early Republic are correct.
| All soldiers were citizens.
| Most soldiers were farmers.
| Soldiers were enrolled for only a year.
| In the fourth century BCE there were four legions, each consisting of 4,000 to 5,000 men.
The _________ Carthaginians __________originated from Phoenician Tyre.
The immediate cause of the First Punic War was Rome sending an army to_______ Sicily ____________. p. 122
As a result of the First Punic War the Carthaginians were forced to withdraw from ___________ Sicily _____________ and pay an indemnity to Rome.
During the Second Punic War, ____________ Scipio Africanus _______________ expelled the Carthaginians from Spain and later won the decisive Battle of Zama.
The Second Punic War saw Carthage carry a land war to Rome by crossing the _____ Alps ____. p. 123
The Roman senator who led the movement for the complete destruction of Carthage was ___ Cato ____.
The result of the _________ Third Punic War ____________ Punic War was the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.
It can best be said that __________ Roman _____________ imperial expansion was highly opportunistic, responding to unanticipated military threats and possibilities for glory.
The head of the Roman religious observances was______ the pontifex maximus _______.
In Roman __________ religion...
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