Online Shopping

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Consumers’ Attitude towards Online Shopping
Factors influencing Gotland consumers to shop online

Online Shopping

Högskolan på Gotland VT2011 Master Thesis in Business Administration Authors: Muhammad Umar Sultan and MD Nasir Uddin Department of Business Administration Supervisors: Per Lind and Mr. Sjostrand Fredrik

Abstract In the era of globalization electronic marketing is a great revolution. Over the last decade maximum business organizations are running with technological change. Online shopping or marketing is the use of technology (i.e., computer) for better marketing performance. And retailers are devising strategies to meet the demand of online shoppers; they are busy in studying consumer behavior in the field of online shopping, to see the consumer attitudes towards online shopping. Therefore we have also decided to study consumer’s attitudes towards online shopping and specifically studying the factors influencing consumers to shop online. The population selected for the research is Gotland, and narrowed down to Gotland University students, University cafeteria and Gotland Public library, the sample size selected for this research is 100 and we have used convenience sampling technique. Our findings indicated that among the four factors selected for this research the most attractive and influencing factor for online shoppers in Gotland is Website Design/Features, following convenience the second most influencing and thirdly time saving. Results have also showed that security is of important concern among online shoppers in Gotland. The research has also found that there are some other factors which influence online shoppers including, less price, discount, feedback from previous customers and quality of product. For the second research question i.e. who are online shoppers in term of demography: the correlation results for the age and attitudes towards online shopping has showed that elderly people are not so keen to shop online. Whereas for education it is concluded that higher education makes online shopping less attractive, for the income the correlation results are so weak hence we could not conclude anything out of it. It is expected that this study will not only help retailers in Gotland to devise successful strategies for online shoppers but it will also provide a base for similar studies in the felid of consumer attitudes towards online shopping.

Acknowledgement First of all we would like to thank Allah the most beneficent and most merciful, who has provided us the courage and health to complete our work. Secondly we would like to thank our families back home who have supported us and encouraged us for our work. We full heartily appreciate to our little family of friends in Sweden; Merijon, Muhammad Alnwaihi and Sajid. Special thanks to B36 support team including Dominika and Olga Klimina in supporting us during our thesis. With our deepest gratitude to our supervisors Professor Per Lind and Mr. Sjostrand Fredrik for their encouragement, motivation and help throughout the dissertation work, without their support it would be difficult to complete the work in limited time period. Our special thanks to Professor Per Lind who has helped us a lot in data analysis. Last but not least we would like to thank all the respondents who participated in our survey and MIM fellow students and to those who have directly and indirectly supported us.

List of abbreviation

EC EU TPB TRA TAM PU PEOU SET B2B B2C

Electronic Commerce European Union Theory of Planned Behavior Theory of Reasoned Action Technology Acceptance Model Perceived usefulness Perceived Ease of Use Secured Electronic Transaction Business–to-Business Business-to-Consumer

Table of Contents

Table of content Chapter 1 1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….1 1.1: Problem Definition……………………………………………………2 1.2: Purpose and research questions …………………………………........3 1.3: Research Outline……………………………………………………...4 1.4:...
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