Online Grading System for It Dept. of Nlpsc

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Chapter I
THE PROBLEM
Introduction
The human revolution is in parallel with the environmental development, social growth and the fast changing world of demands and necessities. That led in the creation of computers and integration of the aforementioned machines in our lives. Until networking jumped in the epoch, internet was borne. Connectivity all over the world was made possible, bridging the gap provided by miles of distance. Soon, the world wide web entered in the spotlight that houses millions of different useful sites advantageous to business firms, religious groups and of course to educational institutions. As for educational institutions, the internet created a vital role in lifting the standard of learning. From this phenomenon is the diversion of benefit from mere classroom setting to the educational services that could be improved through the utilization of computers connected to the internet. For example enrollment can became easier when it was done online. And there’s a lot more to squeeze from the internet including an institution’s grading system.

With these hasty technological developments and innovations, things are bound to change and our only choice is to follow the trends it brings forth. And so, the society needs to use the tools and stuffs of the Information Age to solve problems of real life situations and provide convenience in every aspect of modern life (Thompson, 2007). At the turn of the millennium, the birth of Internet suddenly became an important aspect for local and global connectivity (Santos, 2012).

According to thefreedictionary.com grade, is either a number, a letter, a symbol, or any combinations of such indicating a student’s level of accomplishment. Grading is an exercise in professional judgment on the part of instructors or teachers. It involves the collection and evaluation of evidences on student achievement or performance over a specified period of time. Through this process, various types of discipline and measures of students’ performance are converted into grades or marks that summarize the students’ accomplishments.

Globally, education must share the responsibility of developing technologically literate people (Bitter & Legacy, 2008). Since grading is relatively recent phenomena in education, the systemic and reliable grading system cannot be achieved without the aid of technology (Fletcher & Wolf, 2007). In fact, prior to 1850, grading was virtually unknown in schools in United States. But as time strides from years to another, computerized and online grading system has been finally introduced all throughout the country and its neighboring continents. It was then prevalently used in computing and analyzing the performance, talent and skills of students. For instance, Cosumnes River College in Sacramento, CA utilizes an Online Grading System within the Intranet that allows faculty to submit grades of their respective classes. At the end of the class session, professors use the OGS to submit final grades, incompletes, and positive attendance information. This information is stored in an Intranet database table and uploaded to the district's student information management server (PeopleSoft) daily. Once uploaded into the PeopleSoft server, this information becomes part of students' academic records and transcripts.

According to gradesense.net, nationally, teachers have unlocked the benefits of utilizing an Online Grading System (OGS). Philippine private and public schools figured out that the use of an OGS allows quick and easy update, track and assessment of student’s performance in a jiffy. The other great thing about an OGS is that it can be used to create report cards, assignment reports, class grade lists, student GPA, roll sheets, etc.. Morata (2007) mentioned that one of the visible proofs is the Informatics International Diliman College- one of the fastest growing institutions with new opportunities rising continually in hundreds of different fields,...
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