Prof. Dr. Eduard Heindl E Business Technology Hochschule Furtwangen University
Presented by Norasak Suphakorntanakit Matriculation Number 230408 25 June 2008
Statement of Declaration
I hereby certify that this term paper is written by me. All literatures and knowledge sources that are used as references in this term paper are cited in reference part.
Norasak Suphakorntanakit 18 June 2008 Furtwangen, Germany
Table of Contents
1. What’s web 3.0? 2. How can semantic web work? 3. What are the differences between web 2.0 and web 3.0? 4. Why web 3.0 is important? 5. Case studies 6. Conclusion 7. Reference
1 2 5 7 9 11 12
1. What’s web 3.0? Web 3.0 is the concept of next evolution of World Wide Web about linking, integrating, and analyzing data from various sources of data to obtain new information streams. Also, Web 3.0 aims to link devices to generate new approaches of connecting to the web by several machines and exchanging data among machines. However, the standard definition of Web 3.0 has not yet been emerged at this moment since Web 3.0 is mainly under developing by World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to become a reality (Steve Bratt, Fast forward get ready for Web 3.0, 2008, P. 25-27). The main important purpose of Web 3.0, to link data, is supported by semantic web. Semantic web is a web that can demonstrate things in the approach which computer can understand. The system offers a common framework that helps data to be connected, shared and reused across the applications, organizations and communities. The semantic web allows a person or a machine to begin with one database and then link through an infinity set of open databases which are not connect by wires, but connect data by referring into common things such as a person, place, idea, concept, etc. Semantic web mainly operates on Resource Description Framework (RFD) which is standard model for data interchange on the web. RDF is written in XML language that can easily be exchanged between the different types of computers with different types of operating system (http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/rdf_intro.asp, VIEWED 12/06/2008]. Meantime, RFD joins structure of the web with Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) and allows original data in each database to form in an original form such as XML, Excel, etc because RFD builds an abstract layer separately from the underlying data format (http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/, [VIEWED 12/06/2008]). One of important logics behind the development of semantic web is Artificial Intelligence. The Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the field of computer science targeting to create machines that are able to occupy on behavior that humans consider intelligent (Herbet Simon, An introduction to the science of Artificial Intelligent, 1997). Thereby, some parts of semantic web technologies are relied on Artificial Intelligence research such as model technology for RDF and knowledge representation for ontology. However, the development of semantic web also generates new perspective for Artificial in RDF Intelligence community as the benefits of URIs linkage (http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/SW-FAQ#relAI, [VIEWED 14/06/2008]). Another objective of Web 3.0 is a ubiquitous web that facilitates accessibility for anyone, anywhere, anytime by using any devices. This objective desires to break barriers of bandwidth constraints, poor display on mobile device and cost of data besides computer device. Then, web 3.0 will enable a web linked of devices to match with the increasing in web of linked data by using Cascading Style Sheet layout (CSS) standards which allows HTML document to display in different output style, support content adaptation
and use smaller 14/06/2008]).
In summary, web 3.0 composes of two main platforms, semantic technologies and social computing environment. The semantic technology represents open standard that can be applied on...