A Novel Lost In Time
University of Guilan
Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences
Dr. Barkat PhD.
Table of contents
I. Notion of time and being in Heidegger 2
Existential travel 2
Massacre: existence or nonexistence 5
End of the story 7
Time, existence and their various treatments have been the area of interest for many philosophers. These notions not only have been the subject of many philosophical books and discussion but they have also been influential in other fields of in human sciences such as theology, literature, etc. two of such fields which have been greatly influenced by these philosophical and humanistic notions is literary criticism and literary production. This article examines these notions in the novel ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude’ by Gabriel Garcia Marquez with regard to their treatment in the book ‘Being and Time’ by Martin Heidegger one of the greatest philosophers of twentieth century. In the article the writer tries to explain the notion of existence with regard to three parts in the novel which according to the writer disrupt the existential evenness of the story. Examining these notions and answering the questions posed, the writer comes to the conclusion that existence is a flexible and mind-bound concept which is trapped in the complex web of human minds and consequently is one of the most difficult concepts about which one can decide.
The questions of time, existence and their various treatments have long occupied the minds of philosophers and theoreticians. The nature of time and existence is one that has always been described in relation to other phenomena. Different philosophical works concerning the question of time has greatly influenced literature; especially literature of the modern era. In twentieth century literature especially in novel one can observe great manipulations of time and existence. These manipulations are much under the influence of the great philosophers such as Kant. During 20th century one can see the great influence of Martin Heidegger’s book ‘Being and Time’ on authors, especially the novelists. One of the most widely known novels of 20th century is one hundred years of solitude by Marquez. This novel is one of the best examples of manipulation of time in novels. The novel is immersed with anachronies; analepsis and prolepsis can be traced every here and there. During the course of the story one can also trace some achronies which add to the temporal complexity of the novel. One of the obvious distortions of time and existence is when characters come back from death. They exist even after their death. Considering the temporal complexity of the novel and its association with the notion of existence, come to mind several questions regarding three parts in novel. With regard to the first chapter of the novel a question may rise: are the characters constructing and developing Macondo; have any history behind them or they define their existence themselves? The second question is concerned with the massacre of the workers: did the massacre of the workers really happen? Finally the third question is...