The institution compares greatly to C.H Cooley's, "Looking Glass Self Theory", because the nurses do not interact with the patients the way they should. The patients believed that they are child-like and becoming even more insane due to the lack of help received from the staff. The patients starting following the interactions with MacMurphy instead of the unhelpful staff like they're supposed to. By observing MacMurphy's actions, they learned to not view themselves as an illness, but as human beings.
The head nurse and staff did try a few tactics to re-socialize ward residents to the appropriate behavior and roles for the institution. However, the tactics were not effective or helpful in favor of the patients. Everyday the nurse would hold therapy meetings in a circular form with the patients and discuss their problems on a personal level which seemed to always cause arguments between each patient. Medications are handed out to calm the residents as well. There is also electroshock therapy used as a negative reinforcement with the patients.
Out of Merton's five patterns of Stran Theory of Deviance, MacMurphy mostly showed the pattern of rebellion because there were alternate goals that he would want to achieve whether it would be nonviolently or violently to try and get what he wants. There was also the pattern of ritualism showed by the other patients. They did not seem interested at all with the goals of the staff and often did not cooperate, but for the most part they would maintain a stable behavioral level due to the fears of the staff.
The staff molded the patients into a master status as being insane. Instead...