One Child Policy in China

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After c. 1949 when China built The People’s Republic of China, Chinese government leader Zedong Mao published a policy called “More people have more power”. Therefore, the population of China has increased fast until c. 1978. On the beginning of the year of c.1978, Chinese government finally found the serious problems from the huge population. Even though Chinese government stopped that policy, China already had 1.2 billion people. The government faced the burden of having a large population, so another policy had published which was the “One Child Policy” or “Birth Control”. (China Ends Notorious, p1-3) Just as these two names implied, “One Child Policy” or “Birth Control” order all Chinese couples to control giving birth and set the limitation of one child (except twins or multiple birth) for each family or couple. Chinese population still was increasing after Chinese government published and executed “One Child Policy”, but the government did not disappoint on it. Because they found the population was increasing in a decreasing rate which means the “One Child Policy” was working for China’s hard situation. Many of Chinese people believed that it was a very successful solution of the population problem, but there is an opposing view that has spread recently which is that “One Child Policy” should be canceled because people who are against the policy think the Chinese people have became older and almost all the Chinese people only have one child which cause psychological problems. (China Ends Notorious, p9) Also, many of the human rights campaigners thought that “One Child Policy” or “Birth Control” influenced Chinese people’s right of bearing children and that policy violated China’s principle of democracy. However, some sociologists indicated that human rights campaigners did not hilted focal point. Sociologists thought the right of bearing children is based on the right to live. If no person would survive, no person cared about his or her right of bearing children. China and the whole world now are facing the overpopulation problem, and if we do nothing for stop the fast increasing of population, then all human beings will confront the survival problems. Therefore, before the overpopulation problem gets solved, right of bearing children means nothing. (Weiliu p.1) As these professional people, many of the common Chinese people discussed their own opinions about the “One Child Policy” or “Birth Control” on some websites, blogs, online forums, news papers, magazines. The most popular opinion shows that the “Birth Control” should not stop only if Chinese population drops to three hundred million. Also, the “One Child Policy” should continue because it increases the educational quality, makes public health care easier, and solves the employment problems. These are things that are much more important because they are the major problem in China now. Therefore, the Chinese government should not cancel the “One Child Policy” because the burden from the large population in China will become worse by three main problems which are educational quality, public health care, and employment problems.

First, the Chinese educational quality has a low status in the world because of the large population. There is information about the difference between Chinese teachers and students: right now China has one hundred and sixty million students, but just two million teachers, so that means the average number of students that a teacher has to teach at the same time is eighty. (Carolyn p20-33) Because of the large number of student and not enough teachers, it’s hard to increase the educational quality in China. I remembered when I was in primary school, middle school, and high school, every class at least has sixty students and Chinese classrooms are very small, so sixty students in a classroom share only one aisle. When the students sit next to the windows want to come out, everyone sit in the same row has to move. And I remember in the...
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