摘要：查尔斯·狄更斯是十九世纪维多利亚时期英国最伟大的批判现实主义作家，《雾都孤儿》是查尔斯·狄更斯的一部批判现实主义的杰作。在《雾都孤儿》中狄更斯以奥利弗·退斯特的经历为线索，向人们展示当时穷人们的悲惨生活并揭露和批判济贫法的虚伪和童工制度的残酷，并向穷人表达深切的同情，这些值得我们现代人仔细品读和反思。本文从《雾都孤儿》创作的历史背景及作家的生平出发，分析了维多利亚时期批判现实主义的特征及其在《雾都孤儿》中的具体体现。 关键字： 查尔斯·狄更斯 《雾都孤儿》 维多利亚时期 批判现实主义
Critical Realism in Oliver Twist
Abstract: Charles Dickens is one of the greatest representatives of English critical realism writers in the 19th century. Oliver Twist is a masterpiece of critical realism of Charles Dickens. In this novel Charles Dickens took Oliver’s experience as a clue showing the miserable life of the poor, exposing and criticizing the hypocritical Poor Law and the cruel child labor institution, as well as showing sympathy to the poor and appealing the upper to help the poor. This novel is worth to be read and researched，the phenomenon that was criticized by Charles Dickens are worth to be reflected upon by modern people. This paper will analyze the historical background, the life of the author and the features of critical realism in Victorian age as well as how did those features showed in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens. Key Words: Charles Dickens Oliver Twist Victorian age Critical Realism
1 Critical realism in the age of Victoria1
1.1 The historical background1
1.2 Introduction of critical realism2
2 Charles Dickens and Oliver Twist3
2.1 Introduction of Charles Dickens3
2.2 Introduction of Oliver Twist3
3 Critical realism in Oliver Twist4
3.1 Criticism on the hypercritical Poor Law5
3.2 Criticism on the child labor institution.6
3.3 Criticism on the crime.7
3.4 Sympathy to the poor8
Critical Realism in Oliver Twist
Charles Dickens, the greatest representative of English critical realism, was born in 1812.At that time, a great many of corruptive institutions and a lot of injustices appeared. Charles Dickens was not satisfied with the society and attacked the social reality with his pen. Oliver Twist is the production of this period and reflects the time. Oliver Twist is the second novel of Charles Dickens, and also his masterpiece of critical realism. In this novel Charles Dickens used the way of critical realism to reveal a dark corruptive society which caused a lot of poor and crimes and took Oliver’s experiences as a clue showing the miserable life of the poor, exposing and criticizing the hypocritical Poor Law and the cruel child labor institution. At the same time, Charles Dickens showed his sympathy to the poor and appealed the upper to help the poor. It is worth to be read and researched，the phenomenon that was criticized by Charles Dickens are worth to be reflected upon by modern people. This paper will analyze the historical background, the life of the author and the features of critical realism in Victorian age as well as how did those features were showed in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens.
1 Critical realism in the age of Victoria
Marxism believes in that works always exists in time and space, the history and the society, and it must have social dimension and the mark of the historical period in which the work was created. So firstly this paper should tell the history background, then, the features of the critical realism will be understood better.
1.1 The historical background
The intensifying of Market competition caused a large number of the poor, the inequality and poverty phenomena appeared in the society of England. In the heyday of laissez-faire capitalism bourgeois despised human rights and treated the employees and poor people inhuman. They believed in that poverty was caused by personal laziness, so the responsibility should be taken personally. With such ideas as a guide, in the year of 1834, driven by the industrial bourgeoisie, the...