Old Testament Summaries

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  • Topic: David, Tanakh, Books of Samuel
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  • Published : February 4, 2013
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Michele R Erb
BIBL 104
July 30, 2012
Old Testament Book Genres

Deuteronomy
The Book of Deuteronomy is in the genre of law. Deuteronomy is divided into three sections or speeches by Moses and tells about what God has done for the Israelites. It first tells how Moses was chosen leader and about the journey to the promise land. Moses talks about the rebellion and a lack of trust of God during the trip and of the 40 years wandering in the desert. The next speech is when Moses retells the people the Ten Commandments and instructs them to Love only God and not other Gods. Moses instructs the people about clean and unclean food, tithing and how to have relationships with each other and with God. During the third speech Joshua is given the job of Moses’ successor. This last speech also sets up the future of the Israelites. They are told that even if they do not keep the favor of the Lord they always will have the chance to make things right by repenting. We learn of Moses’ death at the conclusion of the book.

1 Samuel
The Book of 1 Samuel is a narrative of Samuel, Saul, and David. As the book begins it tells of Samuels’s birth and how he is dedicated to serve God as a judge. The Israelites lose their ark to the Philistines, which is soon returned. Saul is anointed the first king of the Israelites. The people want a human king and God tells Samuel to anoint Saul. Saul is successful at first but loses favor with God after he give a false sacrifice. God has Samuel anoint David as the new king. David has his famous confrontation with Goliath, marries Saul’s daughter and befriends Saul’s son. Saul grows angry and wants David dead. David eludes Saul. In the end Samuel has died, Saul is bitter and instead of seeking God for answers he uses a medium. Samuel’s spirit rises from the dead and gives one last prophecy that Saul will die the next day. Saul’s sons die in battle which leads to Saul committing suicide.

2 Samuel
The Book of 2 Samuel is...
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