What is OJT?
OJT or the on the job training is one of the training process where training is given to someone new to a system similar to the real job.On-the job training is an important way in which people acquire relevant knowledge and skills at work. It is important to make the distinction between training and learning – this is critical to the effective design and delivery of training in organisations. In a sense therefore, more interested in promoting on-the-job learning than on-the-job training. However, using the well-established term, on-the-job training (OJT) can be defined as an activity undertaken at the workplace which is designed to improve an individual’s skills or knowledge. OJT is a well-established and well-used intervention designed to enhance individual skills and capabilities with the characteristics of:
• being delivered on a one-to-one basis and taking place at the trainee’s place of work
• requiring time to take place, including potential periods when there is little or no useful output of products or services
• being specified, planned and structured activity.
On-the-job training (OJT) is one of the best training methods because it is planned, organized, and conducted at the employee's worksite. OJT will generally be the primary method used for broadening employee skills and increasing productivity. It is particularly appropriate for developing proficiency skills unique to an employee's job - especially jobs that are relatively easy to learn and require locally-owned equipment and facilities.
Morale, productivity, and professionalism will normally be high in those organizations that employ a sound OJT program.
An analysis of the major job requirements (identified in the position description and performance plan) and related knowledge, skills, and abilities form the basis for setting up an OJT plan. To be most effective, an OJT plan should include:
• The subject to be covered;
• Number of hours;
• Estimated completion date; and
• Method by which the training will be evaluated
To have a successful OJT program, supervisors need to assign a coach to each employee involved in OJT. It is the responsibility of the coach to plan training carefully and conduct it effectively.
Advantages of On the Job Training
- Training an employee in their own working environment, with equipment they are familiar with and people they know can help they gain direct experience to a standard approved by the employer
- Employees may find that they have more confidence if they are supervised and guided as they feel they are doing the job right
- Employees may feel more at ease being taught or supervised by people they know rather than complete strangers at an external training course
- Managers or supervisors can assess improvement and progress over a period of time and this makes it easier to identify a problem intervene and resolve problems quickly
- On the job training is also productive, as the employee is still working as they are learning
- As training progresses and the employee begins to feel more confident, this confidence would allow them to work at a higher standard and ultimately be more productive
- Training "on-the-job" provides an opportunity to get to know staff they might not normally talk to.
Disadvantages of On the Job Training
- Teaching or coaching is a specialist skill in itself; unless the trainer has the skills and knowledge to train, this would mean that the training will not be done to a sufficient standard
- The trainer may not be given the time to spend with the employee to teach them properly, which would mean substandard training has been achieved and learning has only been half done
- The trainer may possess bad habits and pass these on to the trainee...