Oil Industry-Ethical Issues

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Contents
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Introduction and background | 3|
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ExxonMobil Oil Corporation - Environment destruction| 3|
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ExxonMobil Oil Corporation - Animal suffering| 3|
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Total Oil Company - Exploitation of workers| 4|
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Total Oil Company - Supporting oppressive regimes| 4|
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Royal Dutch Shell Oil Company- Supporting oppressive regimes| 4| | |
Royal Dutch Shell Oil Company- Environment destruction| 5| | |
Conclusion| 5|
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Recommendation| 5|
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Reference| 6|
In recent decades, the discovery of petroleum change people’s lifestyle in a great extent. And the so-called ‘Black gold’ has become one of the world’s most lucrative industries. (Falola, T, Genova, A, 2005) But, even so, the oil industry almost impossible builds a positive image among the general public. As we know, there is no angel in oil companies, in most cases, oil companies’ behaviors often result in the negative impact to the human, society, and the environment. The purpose of my report is to focus on three oil companies- ExxonMobil Oil Corporation, French Total Oil Company and Royal Dutch Shell Oil Company, and then compare them by using some examples to illustrate the unethical behaviors of the three companies.

1. ExxonMobil
Exxon Mobil Oil Corporation is an American multinational oil and gas corporation. (http://en.wikipedia.org)

2.1. Environment destruction
In July 2011, an Exxon pipeline beneath the riverbed ruptured, it resulted as many as 750 to 1,000 barrels of crude oil spilled into the Yellowstone River, and forced the temporary evacuation of nearby residents. (http://www.csmonitor.com) This incident seriously damaged the ecological environment of Yellowstone River, and harmed the farmland and forest of the river area. (http://www.dailymail.co.uk)

2.2. Animal suffering
There is another spill example relate to the animal suffering is the Exxon Valdez oil spill, it happened in 1989, an oil tanker which named Exxon Valdez bound for California struck the Prince William Sound’s reef , and then there were around 11 million gallons crude oil were spilled. (http://www.mcspotlight.org) What is worse, as many as 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, at least 12 river otters, 300 harbor seals, 247 Bald Eagles, and 22 orcas were destroyed. (http://en.wikipedia.org) However, after the incident, Exxon unconcerned about it, the company neither investigated the cause of the accident thoroughly, also did not take effective measures to clean up the oil leakage, it resulted in the worse situation and expanded the pollution area. (http://wenku.baidu.com) It is really a horrible disaster for animals.

2. Total
Total Oil Company is a French multinational oil company and one of the six "Supermajor" oil companies in the world. (http://en.wikipedia.org)

3.3. Exploitation of workers
In 2009, September, Earth Rights International (ERI) issued the research about the Yadana gas pipeline project of Total Oil Company. It condemned that the Burmese government recruited child soldiers and slave labour for this project. Also, the human rights workers collected the testimony from Burmese residents and former soldiers. They exposed the truth that Total Oil Company relied on Burmese soldiers’ support to force thousands of workers to do the heavy work, include carry wood and repair roads for building the Yadana gas pipeline. And the local villagers were forced to do various work routinely, carry foods and supplies. (http://www.independent.co.uk)

3.4. Supporting oppressive regimes
The Nobel Peace Prize winner has claimed Total as "the biggest supporter of the military regime in Burma". (http://totaloutofburma.blogspot.com) In fact, Total Oil Company has contribute about 500 million dollars a year to the evil military regime in Burma, these funds were from its functioning of the Yadana gas pipeline, and the money were used for the corrupt regime to...
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