In view of the need to reduce the ever-increasing gap between demand and indigenous supply of crude oil and petroleum products the Government has accorded top priority to conservation of petroleum products. Towards this end various steps to promote conservation of petroleum products in the transport, industrial, agricultural and domestic sectors have been initiated. These include adoption of measures and practices which are conducive to increase fuel efficiency and training programmes in the transport sector, modernisation of boilers, furnaces and other oil-operated equipment with efficient ones and promotion of fuel-efficient practices and equipment in the industrial sector; standardisation of fuel efficient irrigator pumpsets and rectification of existing pumpsets to make them more energy-efficient in the agricultural sector and development as well as promotion of the use of fuel-efficient equipment and appliances like kerosene and LPG stoves in the household sector. These activities are promoted and coordinated by the Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) and Oil Marketing Companies under the guidance and supervision of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
Multi-media campaigns are organised for creating mass awareness about the need for conserving petroleum products and for informing and motivating users to take concrete steps to actually conserve such products. Oil marketing companies have also been playing an important role in using various media for creating mass awareness. To enlarge the base of mass awareness, Conservation Week is organised throughout the country during January by the oil sector as a whole in close coordination with the concerned Ministries/Departments of the Union Government, State Governments, public sector undertakings and Chamber of Commerce. A number of activities apart from multimedia mass awareness and education campaign are organised during the Conservation Week.
In view of the excellent potential for conservation of liquid fuels and lubricating oils through quality upgradation of automotive lubricants, an action plan to produce and sell high grade lubricants to the extent of about 2.50 lakh tonnes per year to replace lubricants of lower efficiency in a phased manner was formulated which has been fully implemented by the Oil Companies.
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is used as a fuel in transport sector in many countries. It is a safe and clean burning fuel besides being environment friendly. It has been established that exhaust emissions like hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide are significantly reduced as compared to other fuels. Toxic emissions such as lead and sulphur are completely eliminated. Existing petrol vehicles can use CNG by fitting a conversion kit. The CNG converted vehicles, have the flexibility of operating either on petrol or on CNG. An experimental programme to use CNG as fuel in transport sector in the country was initiated by GAIL in 1992. Under this programme CNG is made available by GAIL in Delhi, Mumbai , vadodara and Surat. For CNG dispensing, natural gas is compressed and filled into truck mounted cascades (basket of cylinders) in the mother compressor station and transported to daughter units for dispensing to CNG vehicles.
A programme to replace the use of kerosene in textile pigment printing with synthetic thickeners has been under implementation. The objective is to achieve 40 to 50 per cent conservation of kerosene in this application which would not necessitate any significant technological changes to be made by the textile industry. For achieving this the respective State Governments have been advised to reduce the quota of kerosene for pigment painting of textiles sold in the domestic markets.
The oil refineries are implementing various schemes like revamping and replacement of inefficient furnaces and boilers and installation of heat...