Ohm's Law states that V=RI where V is the difference of potential at the poles of the element (measured in volts), R is the resistance of the element being tested (a resistor in this case, measured in ohms), and I is the current passing through the circuit (measured in milliamps). When the Y-intercept on the attached voltage drop vs. current in the conductor graph is examined, it is observed that the the ranges of R values overlap, also the expected y-intercept value of 0 falls between the maximum and minimum deviation. By further examining the graph,it is possible to notice that the plot of the voltage drop across the conductor versus the current in the conductor results in a straight line. Furthermore, the origin (0,0) is within experimental error for the y-intercept of the graph. Both these statements show that the tested resistor verified Ohm's Law since theoretically the y-intercept should be 0 and the voltage drop across the conductor versus the current in the conductor should be directy proportional. This can be concluded by observing the equation which is y = .054492x ± 0.0016x -.0254 ± 0.10.
This laboratory had few causes of error that could significantly affect results. The most important factor was a mildly fluctuating power supply (the indicated current did not remain perfectly stable after being adjusted). Another possible cause of error is the possibility of misreading the voltage drop because of the fluctuating power supply. A miscalibrated multimeter could potentially result in inaccurate readings as well since the voltage drop readings were made directly without recalibrating it against a calibrated machine.
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