Offender Theories

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Probation Parole And Community Corrections

Changes to probation and parole and Community Corrections system

As the 20th century ends, probation as a correctional practice is in search of a philosophical and ideological foundation. There is a growing awareness both within and without the field that probation is not all that it could or should be. Administrators and practitioners sense that their profession faces a crisis of legitimacy and suffers from a lack of public support.

A number of agencies and associations have been turning their attention to meeting the challenges posed to traditional probation by the altered political and economic environment. Years of searching for alternatives to imprisonment has left probation in a free-floating state. Divorced from its traditional roots and wandering in the desert of intermediate sanctions, it has been unable to do more than adapt to current political and bureaucratic whims. 1

This situation is changing. Administrators, academics and practitioners are becoming involved in debate, dialogue and discussion about the future of probation and its sister, parole.

Community corrections are a vital part of the justice system. It provides sanctions and services to enhance public safety while it maintains offenders within the community. In administering sanctions and services, the community, victims, and offenders benefit. My goal is to develop professional staff, hold offenders accountable, repairs the harm done to victims and the community, supervises and treats offenders, which often involves citizens, and maintains positive ties between the community and the offender.

Community corrections centers and community work centers in time could be receiving offenders sentenced directly to them by the courts. If this process occurs it will enhance partnerships between the community and the department as we develop avenues to ensure that offenders receive treatment and supervision not only assessed by us but...
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