Study Guide Pgs. 1-28
Oedipus the King by Sophocles Translated by Bernard Knox
* Oedipus- King of Thebes; saved the Thebans from the sphinx by solving the riddle. Son of Lauis and Jocasta, his name means “swollen footed”. * Priest of Zeus- asks for Oedipus’s help on this plague in Thebes. * Creon- brother of Jocasta and he was sent by Oedipus to the oracle of Apollo to figure out a way to stop this plague. * Chorus- the citizens of Thebes
* Tiresias- blind prophet, servant of Apollo. Blinded by Athena after witnessing her nude but was given the gift of prophecy. Interpreter of the strange plague gripping the city. * Lauis- was supposedly killed by a band of robbers. Oedipus tries to find the killer of Lauis in order to stop the plague as said by the oracle.
* Thebes- City in central Greece, site of one of the main legendary cycles of Greek mythology, the cycle of the House of Cadmus.
The priest and citizens carried olive branches that have tufts of wool tied and lay them on the altar and sat in front of it. They were praying to gods for the plague to be gone. Thebes is dying because there is blight on crops, ranging herds of cattle, and the women are unable to reproduce. The priest begs Oedipus to get rid of this plague because he was noble and wise since he was able to solve the riddle before, given by a Sphinx, and saved the city of Thebes. Oedipus then claims that he has already taken action to try and find a solution to this disease by sending Creon, his brother-in-law, to the prophetic oracle of Apollo to find out what actions should be taken to rid the plague. Therefore, as of then, Oedipus and the citizens of Thebes must wait for Creon’s return. When Oedipus asked Creon about the oracle, Creon stated that there is good news. “Here is what I was told by Apollo. He ordered us, in clear terms, to drive out the thing the defiles this land, which we, he says, have fed and cherished.” must find the...
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