Among the first thing a historian discovers in his study of early
civilization are records of people's belief, or faith, in powers greater than
themselves, and their desire to understand what causes these powers to act.
People everywhere wonder about the marvelous things in the sky and on the earth.
What makes the rain? How do the plants and animals live and grow and die? Why
are some people lucky and others unlucky? Some believe in free will while
others believe in fate or destiny. In the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles,
Oedipus was a true victim of fate.
Gods and goddesses were believed to be responsible for the wonders of
science, and the vagaries of human nature; therefore, according to the facts of
this story, Oedipus was a true victim of fate for several reasons. Laius and
Jocasta, the childless king and queen of Thebes, were told by the god Apollo
that their son would kill his father and marry his mother (page 56). A son was
born to them, and they tried to make sure that the prophecy would not come true.
They drove a metal pin through the infants ankles and gave it to a shepherd,
with instructions to leave it to die. The shepherd pitied the little infant so
he gave the child to another shepherd. This shepherd gave the baby to a
childless king and queen of Corinth, Polybus and Merope. This royal couple
named the boy Oedipus, which in its Greek form Oidipous means "swollen foot."
Oedipus was brought up believing that Polybus and Merope were his real parents,
and Lauis and Jocasta believed that their child was dead and the prophecy of
Apollo was false. Many years later, he was told by a drunk man at a banquet that
he was not a true heir of Polybus (page 55). He then went to the oracle of
Apollo, to ask the god who his real parents were. All he was told was that he
would kill his father and marry his mother (page 56). He resolved never to
return to Corinth, to Polybus and Merope, and started out to... [continues]
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