April 7, 2011
Examining Ancient and Medieval Literature
Universal truth is an unalterable and permanent fact. It means that something is true no matter where you are and who says it. In Ancient Greek Theater a lot of the plays, poems and short stories were based on things Athenians went through. Reading Greek literature is hard for us to understand because their religion is different from modern religions. This essay will examine how Oedipus the King and Bhagavad-Gita have universal truths contained within them. In Oedipus the King, King Laius of Thebes, learned from an oracle that he, Laius, was doomed to perish by the hand of his own son, and so ordered his wife Jocasta to kill the infant. However, neither she nor her servant could bring themselves to kill him and he was abandoned to elements. Oedipus was taken from the house of Laius as a baby and left in the mountains with his “feet tied together” (644). A shepherd took Oedipus to the Corinth, Polybus and his wife took Oedipus in and raised him. On his way to Thebes, Oedipus killed his biological father, not knowing who he was, and married Jocasta, his biological mother. In Oedipus the King a universal truth is truth. The characters in the story didn’t want to accept the truth, hide from the truth or ran from the truth. Oedipus did not want to accept the truth in the prophecies Tiresias told Oedipus “he was the corruption of the land” (627). He told himself that he was going to find out who killed his father. (621) Not wanting to accept the fact that he was the one who killed him. Jocasta got excited when she found out Polybus was dead thinking the prophecy didn’t came to pass because Oedipus wasn’t the one who killed him. Polybus was supposed to have been Oedipus father. When the messenger came and told Oedipus the truth about how the Corinth family wasn’t his biological parents Jocasta “fling through the palace door” (646) because she had knew the truth by than about Oedipus...
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