According to the World Federation of Occupational Therapy, occupational therapy is a profession which is concerned with the promotion of well-being and health of individuals through engaging them in occupation. It is a holistic healthcare profession with an aim to promote health in individuals by enabling them to perform purposeful and meaningful activities across their lifespan. Occupational therapist by using different treatments help their patients with a mental, physical or developmental conditions to recover, develop or maintain daily work and life skills in themselves. OT is client-centered and see client as an integral part in the process of Occupational therapy. Therapist gives individualized attention and evaluation to his/her client or clients (individual and families) in learning the current state of affairs and the desired state of affairs in client’s life. occupational therapist learn about the goals his/her client is trying to achieve (desired state of affairs) uses his experience and judgment to alter the goals if necessary and align them with the abilities and resources clients hold to achieve them or help clients achieve the necessary skills and knowledge required to achieve his goals.
Occupational therapy services may include comprehensive evaluations of the client’s home and other environments (e.g. workplace, school), recommendations for adaptive equipment and training in its use, and guidance and education for family members and caregivers. Occupational therapy practitioners have a holistic perspective, in which the focus is on adapting the environment to fit the person, and the person is an integral part of the therapy team (Borell, pp.311-316).
The definition of identity and a reason to maintain their existence in life presents certain occupational demands (a good student, an obedient daughter/son, a good pianist etc.) to a person which upon fulfillment help an him/her to find oneself and integrate his/her meaningful role in the larger community.
If people perform their given roles with competence, their self-esteem gets high which help them to feel content with the different roles they are playing in their life. If they don’t perform them with competence, their self-esteem gets low and they do not feel content with their roles, which in turn affects their relationship with others and causes behavioral, psychological and health problems in them.
That’s where occupational therapy comes in. Occupational therapists help an individual to define himself as successful individual by developing a stable, positive and competent occupational identity, establish and maintaining his/her relationships with the people around him/her, and do community participation. Occupational therapy develops in a person the ability to desire, perceive, recall, plan and carry out routines, roles tasks for the purpose of productivity, self-maintenance, leisure and rest in response to demands of the internal and external environment (Carpenter, pp.310-313).
This essay will explore and critique the therapeutic occupation of playing the piano, for John an elderly gentleman who suffers an auto immune disease – Rheumatoid Arthritis; an incurable inflammatory disease mainly affecting the joints. The rationale for choosing this occupation is based upon current evidence that suggests it has fundamental links which provide an array of therapeutic benefits to promote wellbeing. Therapeutic occupation unpins the philosophy of the OT profession. Therapeutic occupations otherwise known as meaningful activities can be categorized into three performance areas referred to as self-care, productivity and leisure. Playing the piano is a meaningful leisure time activity for John so it is important he continues to do this to promote social inclusion, physical exercise, boost his self esteem and to make that spiritual connection.
Key factors which may impact on the John’s...