Occupational Safety and Health and Risk. B. Health

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  • Topic: Occupational safety and health, Economics, Cost-utility analysis
  • Pages : 11 (2202 words )
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  • Published : March 7, 2011
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BUSN150 – Final Exam
 
 

1. Which of the following theories has been contended to be most effective when dealing with issues on downsizing within an organization?  a. Social contract model of CSR.
b. Corporate citizenship model of CSR.
c. Enlightened self-interest model of CSR.
d. Individual sense model of CSR.

2. Since employers cannot be responsible for providing an ideally safe and healthy place, discussions about these factors revolve around  a. the tangible risks faced by the employees.
b. the relative risks faced by the workers.
c. the relative cost of health coverage for the organization. d. the optimum security against workplace risk chart.

3. Which among the following approaches to health and safety at the workplace would be considered paternalistic in decision-making?  a. Health and safety as government-regulated ethics.
b. Health and safety as ideals.
c. Health and safety as acceptable risk.
d. Health and safety as market controlled.

4. The threat of compensation acts as an incentive for employers to maintain a reasonably safe and healthy workplace environment most in the situation where the approach to  a. health and safety is as acceptable risk.

b. health and safety is as an ideal.
c. health and safety is government-regulated ethics.
d. health and safety is market controlled.

5.  The enlightened self-interest model of CSR would be a valuable theory to introduce and apply to which among the following approaches to workplace safety and health?  a. Health and safety as market controlled.

b. Health and safety as ideals.
c. Health and safety as acceptable risk.
d. Health and safety as government-regulated ethics.

 

6. Which among the following approaches to workplace safety and health requires the birth of a child with serious birth defects to ensure that the same circumstance does not repeat?  a. Health and safety as ideals.

b. Health and safety as acceptable risk.
c. Health and safety as market controlled.
d. Health and safety as government-regulated ethics.

7.  In the government-regulated ethics approach to workplace health and safety, _____ can be applied to overcome market failures that result from the lack of information.  a. experience
b. standards
c. ethics
d. creativity

8. According to which among the following techniques, would OSHA be persuaded to aim for an optimal, and not, the highest feasible, level of safety?  a. Risk assessment analysis
b. Cost utility analysis
c. Cost affectivity analysis
d. Cost benefit analysis

9. Identify the distinguishing feature between cost-benefit analysis, and cost-effectiveness.  a. Cost-effectiveness is a longer procedure to implement.
b. Cost-effectiveness uses ethical criteria before setting the standards. c. Cost-benefit analysis uses economic criteria in setting the standards. d. Cost-effectiveness uses economic criteria before setting the standards.

10. Which among the following industries use cost-benefit analysis while treating health and safety as an instrumental value common?  a. Financial industry
b. Insurance industry
c. Automotive industry
d. Marine industry

11. Why has the U.S. Department of Commerce negotiated a ‘Safe Harbor exception'?  a. U.S. needed to qualify as having adequate protection as per the EU directive on personal data protection. b. Because it's naval fleet is the best in the world.

c. U.S. wants to collaborate with EU's free market profits. d. The law requires that all imports meet the Safe Harbor standards.

12. New technology does not necessarily impact our _____, but instead simply provides new ways to gather information on which to base them.  a. moral obligations
b. value judgments
c. responsibilities
d. ethical perspectives

13. If one's personal information on e-mails is respected as property, using the example of Google, it can be said that  a. Google scans users' e-mails with their consent.
b. users are aware that personalized advertisements are possible only...
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