Occupational Safety and Health Administration and United States

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The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor. It was created by Congress of the United States under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, signed by President Richard M. Nixon, on December 29, 1970. Its mission is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and occupational fatality by issuing and enforcing rules called standards for workplace safety and health. The agency is headed by a Deputy Assistant Secretary of Labor. OSHA federal regulations cover most private sector workplaces. The OSH Act permits states to develop approved plans as long as they cover public sector employees and they provide protection equivalent to that provided under Federal OSHA regulations. In return, a portion of the cost of the approved state program is paid by the federal government. Twenty-two states and territories operate plans covering both the public and private sectors and five — Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and the US Virgin Islands — operate public employee only plans. In those five states, private sector employment remains under Federal OSHA jurisdiction. Depending on what kind of construction s taking place, several different aspects of construction safety are very pertinent. For example, first aid and medical care should be a major aspect of any construction. The employer is required to provide first aid on any construction site. This benefits both the employer and employee. The employer is protected against any law suit that may arise for not having medical care on site and the employee protected because further damage can be prevented by having first aid on site. Personal protection and life saving equipment is also a significant aspect of construction safety. This includes head, ear, and eye protection. There are several things that could be dangerous on a construction site that these types of protection would help with. Falling objects, moving parts,...