Occupational Safety and Health

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Occupational Safety and Health
• Introduction
• OSH Legislation
• Inspections
• Safety Audits
• Responsibilities
• Influenza A (H1N1)


We need to know about OSH because:
1. It is a requirement under the law (OSHA and its Regulations);   2. We need to make provisions for securing the safety, health and welfare of our colleagues; 3. We need to make provisions for protecting our clients against risks to safety or health in connection with our trade and activities. In order for us to achieve the objectives of OSH we need to look into HIRARC which is the basis of occupational safety and health. HIRARC is a compound word which is made up of three consecutive activities running one after the other. The activities consist of Hazard Indentification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control. Hazard indentification is the recognising of things which may cause injury or harm to a person. Risk assessment is the looking at the possibility of injury or harm occuring to a person if exposed to a hazard. The introduction of measures which will eliminate or reduce the risk of a person being exposed to a harzard is known as Risk control. We need to know about HIRARC because:

• it is the core business of all OSH personnel, safety committee members, supervisors...etc. • it is a DIRECTIVE from the Chief Secretary of the government service to all government departments and agencies through its letter of directive: UPTM 159/267/50 Klt.4 dated 20th of August 2004.  Before the proccess of identifying any hazards begin, it is necessary to know how to classify what is hazard, risk and danger. • Hazard - anything that can cause harm.

• Risk - a probability of harm actually being done.
• Danger - the relative exposure to a hazard.
Hazards can be sub-classified into health or safety hazards. Examples of health hazards are:
• Physical (noise, heat, radiation, vibration, pressure, machinery, electricity ......
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