Occupational Health

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DEFINITION:
The joint international labor
organization committee on
Occupational health, 1950 defined
occupational health as “The
highest degree of physical,
mental and social well-being of
workers in all occupations.”

GOALS
• To reduce industrial accidents.
• To prevent occupational
hazards/ diseases.
• To achieve maximum human
efficiency and machine
efficiency.
• To reduce sick absenteeism.

OBJECTIVES OF
OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH:
• To maintain and promote the physical,

mental and social well being of the
workers.
•   To prevent occupational diseases and
injuries.
•   To adapt the work place and work
environment to the needs of the workers
i.e application of ergonomics principle.
• It should be preventive rather than
curative.

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
It represents a dynamic
equilibrium between
the worker and his
occupational environment.

What is occupational
health care?
Occupational health care is preventive
health care, which is provided on the
basis of the Occupational Health Care Act.
The objective of occupational health care
is a healthy and safe working
environment, a well-functioning working
community, prevention of work-related
diseases as well as the maintenance of
employees’ working ability and functional
capacity, and promotion of their health.

Advantages of
Occupational health care
•Investigates and assesses load factors and
hazards and gives expert assistance for
eliminating them
•Gives information and advice
•Estimates employees’ working ability and
monitors their health condition
•By its knowledge and skills supports action for
maintaining working ability in the development
of individuals, working environment and
working community, in this way also affecting
productivity continued

Advantages of Occupational
health care - cont
•Prevents occupational diseases and
other work-related illnesses
•Prevents premature incapacity for
work, reduces pension costs
•Reduces absenteeism due to sickness
•Can make calculations of the
profitability of occupational safety and
health and occupational health care in
cooperation with workplaces or
encourage workplaces to make these
themselves.

THE UNDERTAKINGS FOR THE
NEED OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
SERVICES:
1. Any undertakings, which employ
more than the prescribed number.
2. Public sector undertakings
3. Atomic energy unit, explosive
production unit, mining unit, and
asbestos production unit etc.,
4. A unit where workers are exposed
to health hazards from toxic
substances.

FUNCTIONS OF OCCUPATIONAL
HEALTH SERVICE - CONT..
 
 
 
 

1. Pre-employment medical examination.
2. First Aid and emergency service.
3. Supervision of the work environment
for the control of dangerous substances
in the work environment.
4. Special periodic medical examination
particularly for the workers in dangerous
operations.
5. Health education for disseminating
information on specific hazards and risks
in the work environment.

FUNCTION OF HEALTH
SERVICE - CONT..
6. Special examination and surveillance of
health of women and children
7. Advising the employer or management for
improving working conditions, and
placement of hazards.
8. Monitoring of working environment for
assessment and control of hazards.
9. Supervision over sanitation, hygiene and
canteen facilities.
10. Liaison and cooperation with the safety
committees

FUNCTION OF HEALTH
SERVICE - CONT..
10. Liaison and cooperation with the safety
committees
11. Maintenance of medical records for
medical check-up and follow-up for
maintaining health standards and also for
evaluation.
12. To carry out other parallel activities such
as nutrition programme, family planning,
social services recreation etc., Concerning
the health and welfare of the workers.

THE FACTORS FOR EFFECTIVENESS
OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
SERVICES:
1. The nature of industry; small, medium
or large and its location.
2. Existing...
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