Running head: OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE PERSONALITY DISORDER
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality disorder is a condition characterized by a chronic preoccupation with control, rules, and orderliness. The cause of this disorder has not been officially noted but can be referenced to biological and psychological areas. Treatments are mainly recognized thought the methods surrounding therapy. The disorder is found in twice the amount of men then woman. The aim throughout the research is to give the reader an understanding of a disorder that not widely recognized.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is a condition characterized by a chronic preoccupation with control, rules, and orderliness. It affects approximately sixteen million adults in the United States which equals out to about 7.9 percent of the general population. This disorder is not the same as Obsessive-Compulsive disorder which involves repeated, unwanted obsessions and ritualistic behavior and should not be confused with it. People that are diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder do not often have Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. This disorder is seen more often in males then it is in females, it is also only seen in about one percent of the population. People with OCPD have difficulties adapting to change because they are not flexible, they have to always weigh out and be cautious to all areas of a problem which makes it hard for them to make decisions. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) is the classification system that is used in the United States. The diagnosis of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder according to the DSM-IV states that a person must have at least 4 of the following listed behaviors: •
The individual has preoccupation with details, rules, lists, order, organization, or schedules to the extent that the major point of the activity is lost •
The individual shows perfectionism that interferes with task completion •
The individual has excessive devotion to work and productivity to the exclusion of leisure activities and friendships (not accounted for by obvious economic necessity) •
The individual shows rigidity and stubbornness
The individual has a problem being over conscientious, scrupulous, and inflexible about matters of morality, ethics, or values (not accounted for by cultural or religious identification) •
The individual has reluctance to delegate tasks or to work with others unless they submit to exactly his or her way of doing things •
The individual has a problem adopting a miserly spending style toward both self and others •
The individual has the inability to discard worn-out or worthless objects even when they have no sentimental value There has yet to be a specific cause to how individuals become diagnosed with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. The anal stage in a person’s life seems to be the most critical stage in the development of the disorder. The results of improper, forceful and the unhealthy parenting habits can lead to the future occurrences of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. In more cases then others you see this disorder in men over women. The disorder is thought as to be passed down by genetics but there is no concrete evidence and or scientific findings to prove this. The limitations to just one model are hard to do with disorder. Obsessive- Compulsive Personality Disorder is classified as genetic reasons as well as psychological forces that underlay the outcome of the individual in the long run. The biological model ties Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder almost directly with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The Biological model targets this disorder in the sense of the being inherited from the family’s history. It is said that if the disorder is in the immediate chances and especially on the male side then the chances are high that some type...
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