Obesity: Nutrition and Children

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Obesity means having too much body fat. It is being too overweight and it is unhealthy. The Body Mass Index(BMI) is the medically accepted method of determining presence of obesity. It measures body fat based on a person’s height and weight. Anyone who has a BMI of 18 below is underweight whereas 30 above should be considered obese. Nowadays, obesity has become a big problem and it is noticeable in children. This is because of the lack of parental supervision and parents do not emphasize on having a balanced diet. Heavy advertisement of junk food by the media attract the attention of children. Lack of physical activity is the most common cause which increase the risk of children becoming overweight. The good news is there are many ways to curb this chronic disease. Everything starts at home, with that parents have a role to play in reducing the possibility of their children getting obese. They should encourage healthy eating habits by serving food like fruits and vegetables or food that contains whole grains and low-fat dairy products. This is to ensure children get all the nutrients they need for proper growth and development. Moreover, parents should eat together with their kids because eating meals as a family can increase fruit and vegetable consumption and decrease the amount of junk food intakes and sugar-sweetened beverages. So, parents have an important role in reducing obesity among children.

In addition, children spend majority of their time in school. So, it is advisable that the school should provide an environment that promotes healthy living and physical activity habits. Food served during break time at school should be nutritious, while fruits and vegetables as well as healthy snacks should be promoted. Furthermore, physical activity like doing exercises can burn calories out. It can also improve learning outcomes. Active children are generally more motivated and better organised than children who are inactive. They are less aggressive and...
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