Caring for Populations: Part I Assessment and Diagnosis
Obesity in Mississippi
Chamberlain College of Nursing
NR 443: Community Health Nursing
Summer session 2012
Jackson, our states capitol, was founded in 1821 beside the Pearl River (City of Jackson, n.d.). Jackson is centrally located in Hinds County. Hinds County has a rich cultural heritage, including 3 museums, the home of slain civil rights leader Medgar Evers, Pulitzer Prize winning author Eudora Welty’s house, the Mississippi Symphony Orchestra, the Jackson Zoo, and the International Ballet Competition. Hinds County occupies 869 square miles (Quickfacts). The Jackson-Evers International Airport is located nearby. While Jackson is the largest city in Hinds County, other smaller cities include Clinton, Byram, Terry, Utica, Raymond, Edwards, and Bolton. Demographic and Epidemiological Data
According to the U.S. Census Bureau American Fact Finder, in the year 2000, Hinds County has a population of 250,800 people, with 47% being male, 53% female. White population is at 37.3%, compared to 75.1% in the United States (U.S.) population. African Americans make up 61.1%, compared to 12.3% in the U.S. The Latino population is 0.8%, as compared to 12.5% in the U.S. All other races, including American Indian, Alaskan Native, Asian, and others comprise approximately 1.5% (U.S.Census Bureau, American FactFinder, n.d.).
The median household income in Hinds County is $33,991, vs U.S. median $41,994, with families below the poverty level at 16.1% vs. U.S. estimates at 9.2% (U.S.Census Bureau, American FactFinder, n.d.). According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, individuals below poverty level is 19.9% as compared to individuals in the U.S. at 12.5%. Unemployment is at 11%.
Education is a challenge in Hinds County. While statistics vary, high school graduation rates are at 54%, compared to 64% for the state of Mississippi with college degrees at 27% (Snapshot 2010, n.d.). Many schools are on academic watch. Windshield Survey
Housing in Jackson varies by location. There are old, dilapidated, 2 room houses that house large families as well as large, new construction homes. Many areas of Jackson are receiving a facelift with new housing on old lots. Habitat for Humanity has refurbished many homes in the poorer areas. Downtown Jackson has been receiving much attention as of late, to include refurbishing the landmark King Edward Hotel, construction of the new Jackson Convention Complex, and updating the faces of many buildings. There are also new condominiums in downtown. Jackson also has many apartment complexes throughout the city. It is rare to see any children outside in the yards, but common to see young African American males milling around outside in the evenings.
Interstate 55 and Interstate 20 intersect in Jackson, creating a lot of thoroughfare through the city. Along the interstates are fast food restaurants, hotels, motels, shopping centers, and new car dealerships. There are many used car dealerships throughout the city, usually located in low income areas and they advertise “pay by the week” deals for owning a car. Billboard signs advertise car dealerships, food, hotels, and churches.
The Mississippi Coliseum and the Equine Center is located just off the interstate. There are many parks throughout the city are a few of the places that the citizens can walk or exercise. There are a few gyms, and 3 YMCA facilities available for use, all of which require membership fees.
Jackson has 5 hospitals located within about 20 miles of each other. University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) is a teaching hospital that also has a separate campus called Jackson Medical Mall (JMM). JMM is a medical facility that assists low income clients with medical treatment, medications, smoking cessation, dietary teaching, etc. Other community...