Childhood Obesity And It’s Prevention.
Childhood Obesity is the excess weight gain of a child who intakes unhealthy food more than required, causing an unhealthy lifestyle and wellbeing. Childhood Obesity is one of the main issues of today’s growing society, which is rapidly growing since 1970 to 2012 from a number of 100 million to 500 million. It is expected that nearly half of the world’s population will be considered obese by 2030 (Abc.net, Obesity 2012). Childhood Obesity is becoming a very serious condition due to decrease of physical activity in children at a very young age and the increase of psychological and physiological risks. In Australia, the incidence of obesity has increased significantly in the past 20 years especially in young aged people (Taylor et al, 2011). This isn’t the case in only Australia but worldwide. Some of the top countries that are believed to have a high obesity rate are India with over 52 million people expected to be obese by 2030, China with Teen Diabetes 4x USA, Brazil with +50% overweight or obese and Mexico with the most highest rate of +70% overweight. Mexico is one of the main countries which is targeted to be the fattest country in the world at this stage (Abc.net, Obesity 2012).
Australia is considered to be the next growing fattest country in lead after America. Australian adult have an overweight rate of 42.1% in males and 30.9% in females and a rate of 25.6% for males and 24% for females who are obese as adults since 2007-08 (Health.gov, 2008). Where as, globally there is a rate of over 200 million men and 300 million women with obesity. This contributes to the fact that around 65% of the world’s population live in countries where overweight and obesity kill more people than underweight (Who.int, 2012). Overweight and obesity is one of the top 5th leading global death issues, around 2.8 million adults die each year due to this (Who.int 2012). Although, adult rates are high, childhood obesity rates are not far off. Childhood obesity trends have increased in America by nearly 60% between the age of 6 -19 yet is still expected to rapidly increase. European children have a rising trend rate of obesity but not as high as American children. Asian children have a lower risk of becoming obese, although still at risk of future obesity problems. However, Europe and Asia have higher adult obesity rates than children obesity rates (Hsph.harvard.edu, 2010). The reasons for these may also have an involvement to genetics or background culture. These facts show that not only children worldwide are suffering from bad capability to keep a healthy weight and lifestyle but so are the parents of these children. Adults who have an unhealthy diet and an un-regular or no excises routine in their daily lives are most likely to pass down these unhealthy habits to their children.
Many factors could contribute to the high rise of obesity rates worldwide. Some of the factors which are considered to be a contribution to obesity are energy imbalances in the body, genetics. Energy imbalances contribute to obesity due to the fat consumption increasing while physical activity is decreasing. Children are consuming more variety of foods with high carbohydrates which they are not burning off by doing some type of physical activity; therefore it is getting stored as fat which is not being used resulting the built up of becoming obese or overweight. Genetics is also a well talked about issue, Struan Grant of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and colleagues says that “there is indeed a genetic signature of childhood obesity” (News-medical.net 2012). It is researched that chromosome 13 and chromosome 17 are related to childhood obesity, according to WebMD health news chromosome 13 increases a child's obesity risk by 22 percent. However, babies born with this gene does not mean they are genetically at risk of being obese due to having a healthy lifestyle as an important factor it can reduces the...
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