Obedience

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Obedience

In this essay I am going to write on how obedience can affect individuals on how they would normally behave and integrate in society. The meaning of Obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure. It is assumed that without such an order the person would not have acted in this way. (McLeod, 2007) Migram (1963) conducted a study on how obedient a person would be to an authority figure and establish a baseline measure of how obedient they would be when ordered to inflict pain to another human via electric shocks. The way he conducted this was by doing a lab experiment, he advertised for forty volunteers being paid £2 to come for a test which was to test on memory and review the affects. The experiment was to be done at Yale University (A highly respected place of study) this location was picked to make the experiment more real. So one by one they were brought into the waiting room where another member of the public was already waiting. The two members of the public were told there was two roles one to be the participant (teacher) and the other the confederate (learner). They were informed that the learner would be receiving electric shocks from the teacher for every question they got wrong. The voltage of shock would go up each time they had a question wrong starting at 15 volts and going 15 each time all the way up to 450 volts. They were told they would draw lots on which they would be, however this test was rigged with the other person already in the room being an actor. So when the paper was drawn both answers said teacher, with the actor always being the learner. The participant was then shown the learner being strapped to the machine which was based in another room to the where they would be set up. The results of this experiment were surprising as most expected people to stop at the first sign of the learner requesting the test be...
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