Obama and George W. Bush Presidency Lecture Outline

Topics: George W. Bush, Barack Obama, Democratic Party Pages: 7 (2096 words) Published: October 28, 2013
George W. Bush Presidency 2000-2008

2000 Election
Won only by electoral votes from final state win in Florida, but lost popular votes to Democratic Nominee, Al Gore by about 500,000. ■First election since 1876 that had been disputed. Democrats had requested a manual recount from the Florida counties in question, however Republicans sued to prohibit these hand tallies. Republicans then requested set deadlines that potentially could turn away votes that may have come in for Gore, so Democrats sued to prohibit these. The case ended up at the US Supreme court, which stopped the recount and at that point, Bush had won. ●9/11

September 11, 2001 plane hijackers crash commercial jets into both towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, causing both of them to collapse. Two more planes crashed into the Pentagon and in a field in Pennsylvania. More than 3,000 people were killed in these terrorist attacks. ■Immediately, Bush promised the American people to find those responsible. Al Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden are identified as the terrorists who organized the attack. ■Bush administration launched full investigation into the attacks after pressure from families of the victims of 9/11. Conclusion from the panel’s final report was that the government “failed to protect the American people” after failure from members in Bush’s cabinet to acknowledge Al Qaeda threats coming in prior to 9/11. This began to draw concern about his presidency and cabinet from the American public. ●Foreign Policy

USA Patriot Act passed in October 2001
Outlined authority for federal officials to locate and intercept communications for law-enforcement and intelligence-gathering purposes, powers to contain foreign money laundering, and wider discretion in constricting borders against suspected foreign terrorists. ●As an immediate result, many Muslims were detained even though many were U.S. citizens. Protests arose from the decision to attain these citizens in secret. ○Weapons of Mass Destruction

Bush had a view of the war on terror in a global sense that any nations that sought after nuclear, chemical or biological weapons of mass destruction were creating an unprecedented danger in the global community and should be brought to justice before any damage is done. ■Targets were North Korea, Iran and Iraq

Department of Homeland Security
Post 9/11, new cabinet was created to coordinate national defense against military threats among 21 different domestic organizations. ■Many large components of the Department of Homeland Security such as the Secret Service, Coast Guard, U.S. Customs Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency and Immigration and Naturalization Service all now coming together made this a difficult task to operate smoothly. ●Invading Afghanistan

October 7, 2001 - Bush announced the beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom, which was military action (along with Great Britain) to capture Osama bin Laden and displace the Taliban that protected him. Osama bin Laden remained at large but the American-British military attempts were able to capture the capital city of Kabul, where then a new interim government took over from Taliban rule. ●Invading Iraq

Supporters of an invasion into Iraq claimed that Iraq was harboring biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction, it was the location of Saddam Hussein, and they believed that if they were able to capture and overthrow Hussein that creating a democratic nation out of Iraq would create a ripple effect of peace throughout the Middle East. They believed that the Iraqi people would welcome such support to overthrow their current dictator. ○March 19, 2003 - Bush announced beginning of the war in Iraq. Major cities including Baghdad, Mosul, Basra, and Kirkuk had all been captured and the government had been overthrown. However setting up a democratic government proved more difficult so members of the Coalition Provisional Authority created a council to...
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