Nvq Level 2 Health and Social Care

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ASSESSMENT ONE
Explain why personal hygiene is important
Personal hygiene is essential for good health and well being Having a clean and respectable appearance and pleasant environment is key to maintaining the self-esteem of older people. The better they feel, the more they can enjoy life, making life more pleasurable for both them and for the staff. For most adults, hygiene is a personal and private concern. When you are helping someone with personal hygiene it's important to be sensitive and tactful, and to respect their dignity.

ASSESSMENT TWO
Describe the effects of poor personal hygiene on health and well-being

Poor hygiene can cause skin complaints, unpleasant smells and bacterial or parasitic infections. This can lead to long term health problems. The working environment can also deteriorate when hygiene standards are low. Poor personal hygiene can also lead to low self esteem, low confidence and leave people feeling isolated and depressed.

ASSESSMENT THREE
Explain how to support an individual to understand factors that contribute to good personal hygiene Using a friendly approach, talk positively and sensitively to the person about the importance of good personal hygiene and reassure them that you are there to help them if they need that help bearing in mind their right to independence and their ability to act independently and explain that their privacy is just as important to you as it is to them.

ASSESSMENT FOUR
Explain how to address personal hygiene issues with the individual in a sensitive manner without imposing own values
It is important to be sensitive and not impose your own values upon the individual; there may be cultural issues or issues around privacy that have to be considered. Explain to the individual that you will always respect their right to privacy and that you are there to help them.

ASSESSMENT FIVE
Explain how to support the individual to develop awareness of the effects of poor hygiene on others Be tactical and be sensitive to individual needs, explain what you are doing at all stages and as far as possible allow the individual to make their own choices while explaining why it is important to keep everyone safe from infection

ASSESSMENT SIX
Explain how to support the preferences and needs of the individual while maintaining their independence
Everyone is different, always engage with the individual find out what they need and explain to them what you are doing to help them, be positive and ensure that they are aware of what is happening. Allow and encourage them to be as independent as possible but be there to help when needed.

ASSESSMENT SEVEN
Describe how to maintain dignity of an individual when supporting intimate personal hygiene Talk positively and sensitively to the person about how you feel about bathing them. Reassure them that even though it is a very personal activity, you are happy to help. Ask how they feel and how they would prefer you to do things. Try to find ways to help them remain independent in as many ways as possible and offer support as unobtrusively as you can. Encouraging independence

We all have our own routines for personal care - particularly when we get up in the morning. Try to encourage the person with dementia to continue with these routines for as long as possible. Take the time to think about which routines work best, as well as the person's preferences, so that you can help them carry on with their normal routine. Where do they like to get undressed? Do they prefer a bath or a shower? What toiletries are they used to? What dental care do they need? Tips for encouraging independence

People with dementia often find it hard to process a lot of information at once. If the person seems confused, it can help if you break the process down into small stages. * Involve the person in decisions around washing, for example, ask them if they want a bath or a shower, or which soap they want to use. Giving them a choice of...
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