Child and Young person development
At birth surprisingly a child has intellectually learned to do things already such as smell their mother and recognise her voice. They have also learnt that when they cry it lets people know that they need help and within the first few days of life they learn to use their senses particularly touch, taste and sound. At infancy a child is expected to weigh around 3.5kg or 7 1/2lbs and 50cm long. Bonding is very important socially and emotionally for both mother and baby, helps relationship in later life because they become closer. The babies reflexes are now improving, some of them are automatic responses. E.g. sucking a nipple or a bottle. Grasp reflex is when a baby automatically grasps a finger if it is placed in their hand and also a startle reflex which is when a baby will hear a noise and clench their fists and move their head towards the noise. Walking and standing reflex is when baby is held upright and automatically make stepping movements following this is the moro reflex which is known as the falling reflex which is when a baby falls they know that they should grip something in front of them before falling or putting their hands down onto the floor to save their fall. Babies at one month physically their reflexes have now become much stronger and are starting to progress onto different reflexes. Intellectually and socially the baby will learn a familiar voice, this sometimes stops them from crying because they know that someone they know is around them and enjoy being around that person. Emotionally the baby will stop crying when they are picked up but cry when they are put down. Start to relax when they are put into the bath or put to lie down for a nappy change. A baby at three months will now physically lift and turn its head to a stimulus in the room around them and will be interested in playing with their finger or other body parts. Intellectually the baby will learn to become excited when they see a bottle because they know that they are getting fed. Social and emotionally the baby will now start to enjoy bath time and other play times and enjoy being around other people and seeing smiling faces and smiling back. At 6 months old a baby will now physically start to place things in their mouth as soon as they pick them up, they will also sit up alone with support of something behind them and try or successfully roll over from stomach to back or vice versa. Intellectually the baby will remember the tune to a certain song and enjoy with a smile on their face whilst someone is singing it this will help them make more noises such as babbling and laughing.
A baby that is aged between nine months and one year have very similar development stages between these ages they will physically learn to crawl and possibly pull themselves up onto things and maybe start taking a few steps. They will now start to pick at their food and feed themselves with their fingers. Intellectually the little one will now start exploring things in more detail and start making noises if they find it interesting .e.g. “oooooo”, some babies will no associate the word “bye bye” with waving their hand. Socially and emotionally the baby will want to stay close to parent or carer and will cry if they can’t see or are away from that person. At 18 months the child is now able to physically walk up down stairs with the help of an adult and also be able to pick up a spoon and feed themselves their food. Intellectually they will learn to be able to pronounce some easy words rather than babble. Socially and emotionally the child will show signs or temper and frustration and now will start wanting to become independent in some of the things that they do. Start to show interest in playing with other children. When a child is two years old they have no physically learnt to run and climb and play on sit and ride toys possibly in the garden....
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