A - 1.1. Describe the social, economic and cultural
factors that will impact on the lives of children and young people.
Some learners experience barriers to learning as a result of their ethnicity, social group, race or culture. Learners from lower socio-economic backgrounds and/or specific ethnic and social groups are more likely to underachieve and this can sometimes lead to disaffection, marginalisation by others and in some cases, exclusion from the learning environment because of an inability to respond appropriately. A small number of children and young people in full-time education have been assessed as having emotional or behavioural difficulties. The causes of these difficulties are wide ranging and complex, but are sometimes linked to a major life event such as bereavement, family breakdown or abuse. In addition, a clinical practitioner may have diagnosed a child or young person as having a mental illness. Mental health issues and emotional or behavioural difficulties can happen in children who come from well -adjusted, stable backgrounds. Many such learners find it difficult to remain engaged in learning due to negative associations such as bullying and pressure to achieve. Their ability in these cases to attend school/college regularly could be an unrealistic expectation. Such categories of children and young people are sometimes referred to as having 'challenging behaviour'. This is not to be confused with the more usual and expected behaviour of adolescence when they challenge authority and the status quo. In all cases, it is the responsibility of teaching Professionals, schools and colleges to provide innovative and imaginative work of high quality that will provide the opportunity for stimulating and rewarding learning in a supportive and responsive environment.
B - 1.2. Explain the importance and impact of poverty on outcomes and life chances for children and young people.
Low income: This can mean that children...