The goal of formative assessment is to monitor student learning to provide ongoing feedback that can be used by instructors to improve their teaching and by students to improve their learning. More specifically, formative assessments: * help students identify their strengths and weaknesses and target areas that need work * help faculty recognize where students are struggling and address problems immediately Formative assessments are generally low stakes, which means that they have low or no point value. Examples of formative assessments include asking students to: * draw a concept map in class to represent their understanding of a topic * submit one or two sentences identifying the main point of a lecture * turn in a research proposal for early feedback
The goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark. Summative assessments are often high stakes, which means that they have a high point value. Examples of summative assessments include: * a midterm exam
* a final project
* a paper
* a senior recital
Information from summative assessments can be used formatively when students or faculty use it to guide their efforts and activities in subsequent courses.
Formative assessments are assessments that take place as part of the classroom routine, and may be given at any point. Formative evaluations may be used before a teacher starts a unit to see what base knowledge students have and what areas should be reviewed before a new topic is introduced; in the middle of a unit to ensure that students are comprehending the material and to target challenging concepts that may need to be retaught; or near the end of a unit of study to help students determine what information they should review before a unit exam. In most...