State why and when health & safety control equipment identified by the principles of protection, should be used relating to 1st & 2nd fixing components, Setting up & using cutting & shaping machines,
the types, purpose and limitations of each type: The work situation, occupational use and the general work environment, in relation to: - Collective protection measures
- Person protective equipment (PPE)
- repertory protective equipment (RPE)
- Local exhaust ventilation (LEV)
Health and Safety control equipment identified by the principles of protection which should be used relating to the use of first and second fixing components and also the setting up and use of cutting and shaping machines for different purposes in the work situation and general work environment, should not be carried out without personal protective equipment (PPE), respiratory protective equipment (RPE) and local exhaust ventilation (LEV). An operative should always comply with the site procedures and site working methods.PPE kit can slightly vary depending on the specific work conditions. Examples:
High visibility jackets, steel toe cap boots and hard hats should be worn at all times. Gloves and goggles are mainly worn while cutting, drilling, angle grinding etc. Ear protection should also be used when noise exceeds a safe level. RPE equipment should be used when sanding or using any machine which creates excessive amounts of dust. In the case of hazardous materials dust masks are most effective when one is cleanly shaven and there are several types of filters for different types of materials and chemicals which are used. When using machines such as chop saws and skill saws LEV systems should be put in place to reduce the amount of potentially harmful dust that can affect the atmosphere in the working environment. Collective protection measures should always take priority over personal control measures because they protect more than one person at any one time and are usually passive, such as scaffolds, guard rails, nets, etc. Whereas PPE mainly protects the user and are usually active requiring that the user has to do something in order for them to be effective, such as putting on gloves, masks and goggles when working with harmful chemicals. All equipment that is used needs to be the right equipment for the job and needs to be installed properly and regularly maintained. When working in an area risk assessments should be carried out, i.e are other people working in the same area? Are there any space restrictions or constraints? Is the operative working at height and are emergency and rescue procedures in place? Safety equipment and procedures are designed to protect the user and the environment against physical harm. State which types of health, safety and welfare legislation, notice and warning signs are relevant to the occupational area and associated equipment?
There are PPE signs, restricted entry signs and danger signs. For example: Construction work in progress parents are advised to warn children of the dangers of entering this area. No admittance for unauthorised personnel.
This area is a hard hat area.
Protective footwear must be worn.
Danger demolition work in progress
Use ear protectors
High visibility jackets must be worn
Warning look out for overhead loads.
List typical hazards associated with the work environment and occupational area in relation to resources, substances, asbestos, equipment, obstruction, services and work activities.
1 Vapours from hazardous chemicals, asbestos and certain material dust such as MDF, plywood etc can cause lung disease. 2 Exposure to loud noise without using protective ear equipment can affect the hearing. 3 Using angle grinders or electrical cutting tools without proper eye protection can cause damage to the eyes. 4 Any equipment that...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document